Startup Progs

 

Home
Up

 

 

 

 

 

Next


Complete Hard
Disk Backup

Rocky Mountain WebBackupTM
Automated Internet PC Backup Service
The Rocky Mountain WebBackup™ service is a complete, automated internet backup service for your PC, using state-of-the-art enterprise backup software.  Backups are performed during the night, during other idle times, or on demand with a single click, via dial-up or high speed connection over the internet.

Immediate, off-site SAFE storage for your data files, program files, computer's settings and all your other files.

30 day no obligation free trial! Try it and see if it's right for you.
         

Common Startup Programs

Our thanks to Paul Collins, BSc of www.pacs-portal.co.uk for his permission to mirror this very useful information on our site.

DISCLAIMER
This information is supplied as is, with no representation made as to its accuracy. Read and use this information at your own risk. Remember that making changes to your computer system, including those listed below, can cause permanent damage to your system, up to and including complete loss of all data. Be sure to have a complete backup set before making any changes to your computer.

Recommendation Key:   Y Normally leave to run at start-up.
    N Not required - typically infrequently used tasks that can be started manually if necessary.
    U User's choice - depends whether a user deems it necessary.
    X Definitely not required - typically viruses, spyware, adware and "resource hogs".
    ? Unknown.

Google
 
Web rockymountain.com

Alphanumeric index
Click on a letter to jump to that section of the list.

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M
  N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

0-9

       
 Name/Startup Item Command Comments
? %cmpmixtitle% %cmpmixstr%??
U$EnterNet Enternet.exeConnection manager for the EnterNet ISP. You can also use RASPPOE
X@ regedit -s ..\win.dllAdded as a result of the SEEKER.K VIRUS!
N@Hoc ToolbarAtHoc.exeOne-click activated browsing toolbar used by various web-sites. See here for more info
N@lohareminder.exeRegistration reminder for @loha@home E-mail utility
X@tour_ww@tour_ww[1].exeAdult content dialler
U!NoLoadwinrecon.exeWinRecon - surveillance software that creates records of everything people do on a computer, ie, spying or monitoring depending upon how you call it
X_x-Finder_x-Finder.exeDisconnects and redials an ISP modem to an adult content site
X(*)Runwin32API.exeHomepage hijacker, see here (* = any digit)
X(*)API MachinewinSOCKS.exeHomepage hijacker, see here (* = any digit)
U_winadmwinadm.exeParents Friend - "Log any activity and protect programs with a password. Further more you can lock the pc any hour in the week you want with the main password. You can also give users allowed programs in their program-lists and you can limit the maximal daily hours and maximal weekly hours user spend on the PC"
X,main drive Loaderwininfo.exeSuspected malware as it appears in 3 different registry locations - see here
N/l:engN/ARelated to the Dell OEM version of the Sound Blaster Audigy 2 sound card. If this item is listed and checked in startup, the System32 Folder will appear on every startup
X*JanisRuckenbrodIIjanis.comAdded as a result of the POPS VIRUS!
Y*StateMgrstatemgr.exeWindows default for System Restore. Do NOT disable!
X{2CF0B992-5EEB-4143-
99C0-5297EF71F444}
rundll32.exe stlbdist.dll, DllRunMainBrowseraid/Startium parasite
X123456rundll32.exe shell32.dll, Control_RunDLL ...123456.cplAdded as a result of the KITRO.C (or DANDI.A) VIRUS! 123456 can be any random 3 to 6 digit number
X<random digits>.exe<random digits>.exe8 random digits, example: 77231997.exe = 77231997.exe. Winpup.exe adult content downloader
N1:hpdrv.exeHP utility for monitoring when and how many recoveries have been done
U12Ghosts Popup-Killer12popup.exe12Ghosts Popup-Killer
?17779Proj2002N/A??
N000StTHK000StTHK.exeToshiba laptop related but not required. What does it do?
U00THotkey00THotKey.exeFor Toshiba Satellite notebook series to use the front buttons, play, stop, next, prev.
N1A:MacVisionTrayMonitorTrayMonitor.exeComes with the MacVision program for monitoring tray icons (Note : program is by Stardock)
Y1A:Stardock MCPmcpserver.exeMaster Control Program for Stardock apps, in development. People should leave it running if they're using any of the Stardock applications, as it's important for the above two and likely to become important for others (like WindowBlinds) as time goes on
Y1A:Stardock TrayMonitorTrayServer.exeFor monitoring tray icons - if disabled icons will not be displayed in ObjectBar or DesktopX
?1CmailSNETMAIL.EXE??
U1Srv32SpyAgent4.exeSpyTech SpyAgent monitoring software. "Spy software that allows you to monitor EVERYTHING users do on your PC."
U1Win32CfgSpyBuddy.exeSpyBuddy monitoring software
U2wSysTray2portalmon.exe2Wire Homeportal user interface
X2020Downloadermssvr.exe2020Search Toolbar related. Reported to be auto-installed
Y3c1807pd3cmlink.exe 3cpipe-3c1807pd3Com WinModem driver. See here for more WinModem information
Y3capplnk3capplnk.exeUS Robotics Modem driver
N3cdminic3CDMINIC.EXE3Com DMI (DynamicAccess Desktop Management Interface) Agent associated with 3Com network cards
?3CM Link3cmcnkw.exeSame as below?
Y3Cmlink3CmlinkW.exeFor a US Robotics WinModem. Provides the link to Windows as the CPU does the processing on WinModems - won't work without it. See here for more WinModem information
N3ComDMIAgent3CDMINIC.EXE3Com DMI (DynamicAccess Desktop Management Interface) Agent associated with 3Com network cards
Y3cpipe-USRpdAUSRmlnkA.exeModem driver files from US Robotics
U3Deep Control Panel3DeepCTL.EXEFrom LightSurf Technologies (nee E-Color) - 3Deep corrects lighting, shading and color for all your 2D and 3D games
X3Dfx AccGFXACC.EXEAdded as a result of the GIBE VIRUS!
Y3dfx Tools3dfxCmn.dllUpdates the registry with information that can't be held for Voodoo 3/4/5 series graphics cards. Important for owners of these cards
N3dfx Task Manager3dfxMan.exeSystem Tray application for 3dfx Voodoo 3/4/5 functions. Available via Start -> Programs
Y3dfxv2ps.dll3dfxv2ps.dllUpdates the registry with info that can't be held for 3dfx Voodoo 2 video cards. Important for owners of these cards
U3DLabsHelperDemon3dldemon.exeDirectly from the programs author "It is a tiny program that is installed by the Permedia2/3 and probably other Oxygen-series cards. Normally it sits in the background doing nothing at all (sleeping on a semaphore), so it should take zero CPU time and virtually zero memory, since it will all be paged out to the hard drive." In most cases it can be safely disabled
?3Dlabs Taskbar Display Manager 3DLman.exe3DLabs graphics driver related. System Tray access to display settings?
N3D Text3D Text.scr3D Text screensaver
U3qdctl.exe3qdctl.exeProvided with Terratec 128i PCI and similar sound cards. Loads a sound profile at bootup, restoring volume and other audio settings to a pre-determined default. Similar to Creative Lab's AudioHQ
X5-1-61-96members-area.exeAdult content dialler
X5-2-46-1125-2-46-112.exeAdult content pop-up dialler. Removal instructions here
X666Ska.exeAdded as a result of the NETBUS VIRUS!

Top of Page

A

  Name/Startup ItemCommandComments
UA1000 Settings Utilitycpqa1000.exeCompaq A1000 Print Fax All-in-One copy scan printer software. Required in the Startup in order to scan, print, copy and fax. Only required if you use these features
UA4ProxyA4Proxy.exeAnonymity 4 Proxy - local proxy server that makes you anonymous when visiting web sites
?AAACLEANAAACLEAN.INF??
?AAAKeyboard????
NAAATraySaverTraySaver.exeSystem Tray management utility from Mike Lin which allows you to hide, show, restore icons that are lost in an Explorer crash, remove dead tray icons, minimize any window to the System Tray
NABBYY Community AgentCAGENT.EXEInstalled with the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software that comes bundled with a Compaq A3000 all-in-one printer/scanner. Its function appears to be to link you to the internet in an attempt to buy the 5.0 version of the software
XABCkeylogger.exeMonitors keystrokes so you can check if someone has typed anything while your away from your PC. Reported as spyware by SpyCop in their FAQ
UAbsolute Shielddseraser.exeAbsolute Shield/Evidence Eliminator - iternet history eraser
XABsrabsr.exeAdded as a result of the AUTOUPDER VIRUS!
Xabtump3serch.exe
lopsearch.exe
Loads the executable for Lop.com. mp3serch.exe is the final version whilst lopsearch.exe is the beta version
UAbyssWebServerabyssws.exeAbyss web server
YAcBtnMgr_XxxAcBtnMgr_Xxx.exeAssociated with the Lexmark Xxx (where "xx" is the model) all-in-one printer/scanner/copier. Required for correct operation
UAccelerateaccelerate.exeWebroot Accelerate - allows you to optimize Windows network registry settings in order to boost surfing speeds. Leave this enabled if you find it improves your connection
NAccess Ramp Monitorarmon32.exeMonitors your progress on the internet; hang-ups, connection speeds, internet congestion and traffic flow. It prevents some games from running also. To disable the Access Ramp Monitor (1) Open Windows Explorer (2) Open the Program Files folder (3) Open the MindSpring folder (4) Open the AccessRamp folder (5) Double-click on the ARMCfg32.exe file (6) Uncheck Enable Dialup Monitor and click OK (7) Restart the computer and try again
NAccessRamp Monitor01ARMon32a.exeFrom a visitor "Just wanted to provide you with some info on Access Ramp software installed with Verizon DSL accounts in those areas that use the Winpoet PPPoE software. The Access Ramp TSRs are installed as part of IP Insight software (can't remember the software maker). You can decline to install IP Insight during Winpoet setup, or go into Add/Remove programs uninstall IP Insight by hand if it's already installed. It really doesn't do a darn thing for you. It was intended to help DSL techs monitor QoS, but the backend part was never implemented (at least as of earlier this year). This will not affect the user's ability or inability to access their DSL service."
NAccessRampLAN01ARUpld32.exeVersion of the above for LAN connections - a history uploader. The key in turning it off is a file named ARUCfg32.exe. This file (ARUCfg32.exe) does not show up in the startup process. If you have this file, you can execute it and remove all the monitoring activities it does. Removing all the checks in all the boxes (both tabs) still calls ARUpld32.exe to start when you start the dial up. You can block it from sending info if you have Zone Alarm installed. Renaming the extension of ARUCfg32.exe to ARUCfg32.exe1 works. The ARUpld32.exe is not loaded when launching the dial up client. Written by IP Insight and also included with Earthlink Total Access 2003
NAccuWeather.com® Desktop??Desktop weather from AccuWeather.com
UAcerNotebookManageralmxptray.exeSystem Tray access on some Acer Notebooks to give faster access to system settings
?AcerPowerkeyPowerkey.exePowerKey utility for Acer TravelMate notebook PCs. What does it do and is it needed?
YACMonitor_XxxACMonitor_Xxx.exeAssociated with the Lexmark Xxx (where "xx" is the model) all-in-one printer/scanner/copier. Required for correct operation
Xacocashfastdown.exe
fastfown.exe
Adult content dialler
UAcombo3dmouseAcombo3d.exeMouse driver - required if you use non-standard Windows driver features
XAcontiaconti.exeAdult content dialler
Uacousticacoustic.exeControl panel program for Philips Acoustic Edge soundcard. Not required unless changed settings aren't retained
Nacpartagpart11.exeProgram for finding trucks on-line
NAcrobat AssistantACROTRAY.EXEIf you want to create a PDF using Acrobat Distiller, you can execute this program manually just before doing so
?ActionAgentactionagent.exe??
NAction Manager 32am32.exeAssociated with a Plustech scanner. Small utility that runs in the background for doing fax/copy/etc. Available via Start -> Programs
NActivationActivation.exePart of Microsoft Money
UActivboardMMKeybd.exePackard Bell ActiveBoard keyboard - multimedia keyboard manager. Required if you use the additional keys and want to see the status of the Num Lock, Caps Lock, Scroll Lock keys
XActiveDesktopsystray32.exeAdded as a result of the DABOOM VIRUS!
NActiveEyesActiveEyes.exeActiveEyes from TFI Technology
UActiveMenuActiveMenu.exeWild Tangent demo games that come with some HP computers. Unchecking it can prevent the games from running occasionally
UActivePlusactiveplus.exeInteractive Agents Plugin for Messenger Plus! (MSN Messenger add-on)
YActiveShieldMCVSSHLD.EXEMcAfee VirusScan On-line. See also McAgentExe
NActivSurfbackweb*****.exePackard Bell ActivSurf - automatically detects an internet connection and downloads any available updates
UAD2KClientAD2KClient.exeExecutable for Active Disk from Iomega disk - allows software applications to be run directly from an Iomega Zip® disk. Required if you wish the applications to launch on insertion of a disk
NAdaptecDirectCDDirectcd.exeDirectCD primarily allows you to drag and drop files onto a suitably formatted CD-RW disc. Unless you use this on a frequent basis it isn't required and is available via Start -> Programs. Start the program before inserting a DirectCD formatted CD-RW in the drive. A re-boot is recommended if you close Adaptec DirectCD before re-opening it again later
NAd-awareAd-aware.exeAd-aware from Lavasoft. Checks your PC for "Spyware" which reports back your internet activities to "base". Available via Start -> Programs
NAdaware Bootupad-aware.exeAd-aware from Lavasoft. Checks your PC for "Spyware" which reports back your internet activities to "base". Available via Start -> Programs
XAdaware lptt01adaware.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "BelmontSoft" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here. Note! - this is not the valid Lavasoft Adaware
UAd Blockerblocker.exeAd Blocker - blocks popups, and also removes banners, image ads and flash ads
?ADGADG.exe SoundBlaster Audigy related?
NADGJdetADGJDet.exeAdded with SoundBlaster Live! or Audigy soundcards for headphone autodetection
XADM Library Loaderadmlib32.exeAdded as a result of a variant of the SDBOT VIRUS!
UAd-MuncherADMUNCH.EXEAd Muncher removes adverts, pop-ups and general annoyances in your browser, file-sharing and messenger programs. Causes conflicts with Outlook, game sites and web-building applications
XAdobeAadobes.exeAdded as a result of the FLOOD.BA VIRUS!
UAdobe Gamma LoaderAdobe Gamma Loader.exeAdjusts monitor colours across all programs, including Photoshop. It is needed by some graphics professionals who want their monitor calibrated. Most home users will not need it. In my case I can verify this as Photoshop loads fine
?Ad Online Guideadonlineguide.exe??
Xadpadp.exeSpyware installed by Net2Phone, Limewire, Cydoor, Grokster, KaZaa, etc
NADQuickAccessAdtray.exeAfter Dark for Windows. Screen saver creation program produced before screen savers became integrated into Win95
UADServiceADService.exePart of Iomega's Active Disk - allows software applications to be run directly from an Iomega Zip® disk. Required if you wish the applications to launch on insertion of a disk
UAdsGoneAdsgone.exeAdsGone - pop-up stopper
NADSL Diagnostic Toolsmapiicon.exeSystem tray access to ADSL modem diagnostic tools. Available via Start -> Programs
YADSSADSS.exeADSS is part of Access Denied security and privacy software (Access Denied Security Server) that monitors power status and provides some other services for Screen Guard. Important to keep its running while using Access Denied
UAdSubtractadsub.exeAdSubtract blocks ads, cookies, pop-up windows, animations, music, and more. Can be disabled from within AdSubtract. Available via Start -> Programs
UADUserMonADUserMon.exePart of Iomega's Active Disk - allows software applications to be run directly from an Iomega Zip® disk. Required if you wish the applications to launch on insertion of a disk
XAdult_ChatAdult_Chat.exeAdult content dialler
XAdult_Chat1Adult_Chat1.exeAdult content dialler
NAdvanced Tools CheckADVCHK.EXEChecks when you install a new version of a Norton product that you have uninstalled all previous versions. Serves as a reminder if you forget
XAdvapiAdvapi.exeAdded as a result of the NETDEVIL.12 (NetDevil 1.2) VIRUS!
UAdvertising KillerAkiller.exeAKiller - pop-up stopper
UAd-watchAd-watch.exePart of Lavasoft Ad-aware Plus - realtime spyware-monitor watching your memory and registry for spyware that tries to install or change your system
?Aeiwlsta.exeAeiwlsta.exeIBM High Rate Wireless LAN Adapter driver. Is it required?
NAELaunchAELaunch.exeAudio Applications Launcher for the Philips Acoustic Edge soundcard
?AeXSWDUsrAeXSWDUsr.exeAltiris Express NS Client Manager software. Is it required?
UAEZBProcaptezbp.exeIBM Aptiva keyboard customizer - enables certain special buttons on keyboard for CD operation, volume control, and few quickstart buttons. Keyboard will work without it but you lose the special functions
UAFAFilterwindefault.exeAFAFilter - internet filter software
NAgentAgent.exeCyberlink Power VCR II 3.0 is a TV tuner recording utility. If you want to schedule recordings you'll need this, otherwise can be disabled. Available via Start -> Programs
?AgenteRemupd.exePart of Panda Antivirus Titanium. Is this an update reminder (guess because of the name), virus definition update reminder or something similar?
UAgfaCLnkAgfaCLnk.exeFor Agfa digital cameras connected via USB. Enables Windows to access the contents of the memory stick (while the stick's still on the camera) via a virtual drive
YAGRSMMSGAGRSMMSG.exeIBM AMR modem driver
NAGSatelliteAGSatellite.exeProgram from AudioGalaxy that lets you download some MP3s from their server. Available via Start -> Programs
Uahfp
or
ahfprog
ahfp.exeAdvanced Hide Folders - "is powerful file security program. It allows to hide folders or hide files. Advanced Hide Folders is very useful to keep your personal data away from others. Others will not know where your personal files exist and they will not be able to accidentally view, delete or modify them either"
UAHNSDAhnSD.exeAhnLab V3 antivirus updater - leave enabled unless you manually update on a regular basis
?AHNUEAHNUE.exe??
NAHQInitahqinit.exePart of AudioHQ for the Soundblaster Live!. Appears as though it makes the AudioHW toolbar drop down from the top of the desktop and isn't required
Uaiepkaiepk2.exeAnother IE Popup Killer - pop-up stopper
NAIMaim.exeAOL Instant Messenger. If connected to the internet, automatically runs up AIM. Convenience more than anything. Available via Start -> Programs
Xaimaol lptt01aimaol.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite. It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
NAimingClickAimingClick.exeAimingClick from AimingTech. Web searching tool. Available via Start -> Programs
XAIM reminderAIM reminder.exeAdded as a result of the BUDDY VIRUS!
NAIMster??Peer to Peer (P2P) file sharing client that runs over the AOL Instant Messenger network. Available via Start -> Programs
YAiptek Graphics Tablet (USB) atwtusb.exeUSB interface for Aiptek Graphics Tablet (USB)
UAKillerakiller.exeBuyPin Advertising Killer - popup killer
UAlarm ManagerAlarm.app.exePalm alarm event reminder that coordinates what is on your Palm with settings on your desktop
?AlarmWatcherAlarmWatcher.exeAssociated with SynTPEnh and SynTPLpr which are from Synaptics for touchpads on laptops. What does it do and is it required?
NAlbum Fast StartABMTSR.EXEScanner software, not required for scanner to work
?Alcom PCL CaptureFMW_PCAP.EXE??
?AlcxMonitorAlcxmntr.exeRealtek AC97 Audio - Event Monitor. What does it do and is it required?
XAlevirAlevir.exeAdded as a result of the OPASERV.A VIRUS!
NAlexaAlexa.exe?Alexa Toolbar "is a downloadable toolbar that helps you navigate the Internet as you surf, by instantly providing you with related information about the site you're viewing". Available via Start -> Programs
?ALFY AccelleratorAlfyAC~1.exe??
YALiSndMgrALiSndMg.exeALi AC97 Sound driver
?AliUSBfixGREENMK.exeMay be realted to a USB 2.0 PCI card - the IOgear GIC220OU?
UAll Aboard Statusstswin.exeAll Aboard! Internet Connection Sharing status icon
XAll Sea screen saverTaskTray.exe"Free screensaver", installs lots of foistware. See here. Get rid of it
XAll Sea web linkFWLink.exe"Free screensaver", installs lots of foistware. See here. Get rid of it
UallSnapallSnap.exe"allSnap is a small system tray app that makes all top level windows automatically align like they do in programs such as Winamp or 
Photoshop"
UAlogservAlogserv.exeFrom McAfee VirusScan for logging scanning activities. In some cases, if left running it can cause CPU % usage to go between 5-95% or go to and stay at 100%. Disabling it impacts on the reported last scan date. It is reported to cause jerky graphics response in many games. As of version 6, this is a critical component of McAfee and disabling it can cause a PC to lock up
?Alps Electric USB Server Monserv.exeAlps Electric USB Server. What does it do and is it required?
UAlpsPoint
or
Apoint
Apoint.exeTouchpad software for laptop PC's. For instance it is found on the Panasonic machines and allows part of the touchpad to be used for document or Web-page scrolling. Required for proper functioning of the pointing software but not required for the laptop to work
?ALServALServ.exeAltec Lansing AMS speaker related. What does it do and is it required?
NAltnet
or
AltnetPointsManager
points manager.exeAltnet Points Manager - manages the new Kazaa Plus scheme for awarding you points if you share music files on your machine with others rather than simply getting files and not sharing their own. Start manually when required
UALUAlertALUNotify.exeNotification reminder for Symantec's LiveUpdate. Leave enabled unless you manually run LiveUpdate on a regular basis
UAlwaysOnTopMakerAlwaysOnTopMaker.exeAlways On Top Maker - utilty to enable an application to always be displayed "on top" of others on the desktop
NAME_CSArundll32 amecsa.cpl, RUN_DLLLoads ADSL modem Control Panel applet
NAmerica Online *.* Tray Iconaoltray.exePuts AOL icon in System Tray (*.* denotes version if present). Connect to AOL via the desktop shortcut or Start -> Programs
YAmonAMON.EXEMonitoring part of Eset's NOD32 virus-scanner
YAmonitoramon.exeTiny Personal Firewall
Xanbv32nabv32.exeAdded as a result of the TITOG.C VIRUS!
NAnnouncementsAnnclist.exeMS WebTV for Windows. Used to display TV on your PC via a compatible video card with in-built tuner (such as ATI All-In-Wonder). If you don't use it - uninstall it
NAnntextAnntext.exeCaere Pagekeeper text annotation server
UAnother Internet Explorer Popup Killer aiepk.exeAnother IE Popup Killer - pop-up stopper
UAnti-keylogger checkantikey.exeAnti-keylogger - protects against keylogger programs monitoring your keystrokes
UAntiPopUpAntiPopUp.exeAntiPopUp for IE - pop-up stopper
?AntiVirusProtectionqumk.exe??
YAnVirAnVir.exeAnVir virus destroyer
Uanvshellanvshell.exeSystem Tray tool for ASUS video cards. If disabled you lose all the ASUS specific video card options in Control Panel -> Display Properties -> Advanced as well as the System Tray shortcuts toolbar
?anycom bluetoothftflauncher.exeAssociated with an Anycom bluetooth wireless card. What does it do and is it required?
UAolAcsDaemon1Acsd.exeAOL Connectivity Service - starts an automatic function that restores the connection should you lose it while online. Negates having 
to go through the procedure of signing back on manually
NAolFixAolFix.exeRun on Gateway Astra computers, and maybe a few others. Designed to repair a bad registry key in Gateway computers that would not allow AOL  to run correctly. Not seen much any more and should only run once
XAornumaornum.exeInstalled along with iWon Prize Machine. Based upon their privacy statement this can be regarded as spyware
NAO Tray
or
AOTray
AOTray.ExeSystem Tray application for AOpen soundcards. Can be run manually via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
Yapc_trayapc_tray.exePart of the APC UPS software loaded with the BACK-UPS CS 350 unit. Required to monitor the APC unit in case of power failure
YAPC UPS StatusDisplay.exeAPC PowerChute Personal Edition status icon
?Apmsrv9xAPMSRV9X.EXEIntel AnyPoint Wireless II Home Network related. What does it do and is it required?
X<filename>App.exeAdded as a result of the WAXPOW VIRUS!
UAppconvAppCon.exeVital Application Console - part of POS-partner 2000 point-of-sale software from Vital. This is the taskbar icon and is enabled at startup by the "Auto-start when OS starts" option. Required for a connection to be established
UAppExtenderAppExtCB.exeLoads the Confimax add-in for popular E-mail programs to confirm E-mails have been sent and received
YApplicationmdmsetsp.exeAztech Labs modem driver
YApwheelApwheel.exeWheel support for an Alps mouse 
?ApvxdAPVXDWIN.EXEPart of Panda Anti-Virus. What is this part and is it required?
YApvxdwinAPVXDWIN.EXEPart of Panda Anti-Virus. Required to enable permanent virus protection
Xara-key<random>Added as a result of the ANTINNY VIRUS! where <random> is a random program name with random characters
NARCSolo RecoveryN/ABackup software by Computer Associates - no longer supported
XAritimaaritima.exeAdded as a result of the ARITIMA VIRUS!
YashMaiSvashmaisv.exeAvast! anti-virus software - probably E-mail protection based upon the name?
UAsioRegregsvr32.exe ctasio.dllASIO (Audio Stream In/Out) drivers for the SoundBlaster Audigy 2 series soundcards - for recording and home project studios. Required if you use this functionality
Nasp4trayasp4tray.exeSystem Tray application for Aureal Vortex based soundcards. Can be run manually via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
YAspireTimeMachineacertmb.exeSystem recovery software supplied with some Acer notebook PCs. Similar to GoBack and the restore program in WinXP, allowing you to restore a PC back to a working state with minimal re-entry
NasTrayAstray.exeVoyetra Audio Station - part of Voyetra's Ultimate MP3 & CD Manager. MP3 and digital music jukebox/organizer
NAstroAstro.exeChecks for updates to Quicken on a system reboot
NASUSKeyV38SHELL.EXESystem tray Icon for quickly changing video modes
UASUS SmartDoctorVGAProbe.exeASUS video card fan/thermal monitor
UASUS TweakEnableastart.exeRestores manually changed settings for ASUS based video cards such as overclocking. Only required if you use non-standard settings
NASWDPASWDP.exeMLS Pulse - real estate software. Keeps the home buyer/seller continually informed on the status of his/her local/regional real estate market
XASWnkaswnk.exeAdult content dialler
?Ati2cwxxAti2cwxx.exeFor some ATI video cards. Probably used to access features and may not be required - for example the ATI Radeon works fine without it 
NAti2mdxxAti2mdxx.exeFor ATI video cards. System Tray access to display mode changing
UAtiCwd
or
AtiCwd32
AtiCwd.exe
AtiCwd32.exe
Ati2cwad.exe
This utility adds the ATI tab in the advanced display properties (gives the option for TV out). Do not uncheck if there is TV out on the video card
NATI GART Set-up UtilityAtigart.exeProgram that checks the motherboard chipset and determines which GART driver bundle to install on ATI video cards. If you have one, once installed it shouldn't be needed
NAtiKeyAtiKey32.exe
atiptkad.exe
System Tray access and key-combo shortcuts to common display functions on ATI video cards. Can be run from Start-> Settings -> Control Panel -> Display
UATI Launchpadlaunchpd.exeConvenient way to start all your Multimedia Center applications (DVD, Video CD, CD Audio, File Player). You can right-click LaunchPad, and uncheck Load on Startup in the menu
UATIModeChangeAti2mdxx.exeSystem Tray icon to access ATI graphics card settings and the Hydravision Desktop Manager
UATIPOLAB
or
ATIPOLL
ati2evxx.exeATI External Event Utility EXE Module. This task can comsume lots of CPU resournces  on some computers, but it can help with graphics card problems. Leave enabled unless it consumes too many CPU resources
UAtiPTA
or
AtiPTAAA
or
atiptaxx
Ati2ptxx.exe
Atiptaxx.exe
Control panel for the ATI series of video cards allowing access to such features as display resolution, colour depth, etc. Available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Display. Some users may need it if they have optimised their settings
UAtiQiPclAtiQiPcl.exeUsed for hardware DVD decoding on ATI video cards supporting this feature. Not required unless you regularly play DVD's
NATI SchedulerAtisched.exeComponent that remains resident in memory and automatically launches the ATI VIDEO PLAYER at a user selected time and date. Delete the shortcut in the Start -> Programs -> Startup folder as well. Functions could re-enable the program to load at start-up and re-introduce the shortcut. Try it and see
UATISmartati2s9ag.exeATI's "SMARTGART", which is included with the "Catalyst" drivers. When the system boots, it runs a couple of bus tests & tries to apply the most stable settings
Xatisrc2windfind.exeAdult material dialler - see here. This has to be cleared at the same time as MSStartOptimizer (WINUPD.EXE), mmxrun (msosa.exe) and RegCompres (REGCPM32.EXE), otherwise they return
NATI Task ApplicationAtitkad.exeSystem Tray access to common display functions on ATI video cards. As above
NATI Task Application (Atikey) Atitask.exeSystem Tray access and key-combo shortcuts to common display functions on ATI video cards. Can be run from Start-> Settings -> Control Panel -> Display
UATIX10atix10.exeATI Remote Wonder - PC wireless remote control
XATM Controladpn.exeAdded as a result of the MMS.A VIRUS!
NATnotesatnotes.exeLoads the ATnotes program for virtual sticky notes for your desktop. Available via Start -> Programs
NAtomicaatomica.exeAtomica runs from the System Tray and allows the user to find out more about a word or phrase on any screen by pointing at it with the mouse and clicking button one while holding down the Alt key
UAtomicTimeATOMICTIME.EXEAtomicTime - utility that synchronizes your PC clock to an atomic clock
UAtrackatrack.exeNew feature of Norton Internet Security (NIS) and Norton Personal Firewall (NPF) 3.0 is the Alert Tracker, an instant notification feature. The Alert Tracker displays information about events as they happen. This way, when a rule has been triggered or an access to the Internet made, you know about it immediately rather than finding out about it when you check your logs or notice that the NIS icon indicates a security alert
UATTBroadbandUpdateSAUpdate.exeBig Brother from Quest Software. System and network monitor
UATTRedUpdateAutoUpdate.exeAdditional item added to start-ups after AT&T took over the now bankrupt Excite@home high-speed internet service. Included for automatically downloading and installing updates. Leave it unless you plan to regularly run it to check for updates
XAttuneClientEngineattune_ce.exe"Attune is a revolutionary service that provides you with targeted Intelligram messages to help you avoid common computer problems. Attune may also let you know when you need a specific product, service, or upgrade to optimise the use of your computer". Not required - treated as adware
XAttuneContentUpdaterattune_cu.exeRelated to the above. All needed for the program to do its job properly
XAttuneDiscoveryattune_di.exeRelated to the above. All needed for the program to do its job properly
XAttuneSystrayattune_st.exeRelated to the above. All needed for the program to do its job properly
NaTuneratuner.exeaTuner - tweak tool for GeForce based graphics cards
Yatwtusbatwtusb.exeUSB interface for Aiptek Graphics Tablet (USB)
UAU AgentAUagent.exeAu Agent from Zilab Software. Win2K/NT enhancement tool. Allows you to run applications under any security context without closing the whole logon session to process a new logon
YAUCBPNPaucbnpn.exeAdaptec USB CardBus Safe-Eject - driver for the Adaptec USB 2.0 CardBus which provides USB 2.0 ports for laptop users via a PCMCIA card slot
?AudCtrlRunDll32 AudCtrl.dll, RCMonitorAudio control panel?
NAudioHQAhqtb.exeFor Creative Soundblaster Live! series soundcards. System tray application for SB Live! functions. Available via Start -> Programs
UAutobarautobar.exeConnect buttons on the keyboard for internet direct access, etc. on HP computers
NAutoEAAhqrun.exeFor Creative Soundblaster Live! series soundcards. Specify for any audio application what audio preset to automatically associate with currently active speaker output. Available via AudioHQ
NAutoMate Task Service automate.exeTask scheduler for Unisyn Automate 4 task automation/macro running software. Available via a desktop shortcut or Start -> Programs
NAutomatically launches the United Devices Agent when you start your computer UD.EXEThe United Devices Agent can recycle your PC's unused resources and use them to perform valuable scientific and medical research without disturbing your usual computer use - similar to SETI@home but for medical research. Available via Start -> Programs
UAutoSizerAUTOSIZER.EXEAutoSizer - utility that automatically maximizes windows when they're opened
XAutoUpdateraupdate.exeAupdate, Tinybar variant. Spyware
YAureal A3D Interactive Audio sa3dsrv.exeFor Aureal based 3D soundcards. A3D sound features won't work with this disabled
YAureal A3D Interactive Audio Init A3dInit.exeFor Aureal based 3D soundcards. A3D sound features won't work with this disabled
Xausvcausvc.exeAdded as a result of the AUTOUPDER VIRUS!
NAUTOPROPREGPROP.EXE
WMPADDIN.DLL
Both the files are in the MS Office/Bots/FP_WMP directory. Apparently, it registers the FrontPage WiMP extension
NAutoSpell 5ASWATC32.EXEAutoSpell - spell checker
?Auto T Bar
or
autotbar
autotbar.exeFound in the /hp/bin directory on a HP PC?
Nautoupd (1) autoupd.exeRaxco Software Auto Update utility."Used to keep your software up-to-date"
Xautoupd (2) autoupd.exeVIRUS! - found in a folder of the same name
NAUXXTRAYau30setp.exeSystem Tray application for Aureal Vortex based soundcards. Can be run manually via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
?AutoShutdownpssvc.exeUtility to fix vCard Export in MS Outlook 2000 - although why are these together?
YAvast32Astart32.exeAvast32 anti-virus - scanner
YAvast!ashserv.exeAvast! anti-virus software - probably the main scanner?
UAvconsoleEXEAvconsol.exeFrom McAfee VirusScan up to version 4.x and Dr Solomon's VirusScan. Used to schedule regular scans. If you don't have scans scheduled you don't need it
XAveoAttuneatmdlusr.exeRelated to AttuneClientEngine above
YAVG_CC
or
avgcc32
avgcc32.exeAVG anti-virus control center. Also enables scheduled tests, Outlook E-mail plug-in and automatic updates
YAVG7_CCAVGCC.exeAVG Anti-Virus 7.0 Control Center. Allows you to manage and control all AVG Anti-Virus components, settings and updates
YAVGCtrlAVGCTRL.EXEBackground task of the AntiVir antivirus program which scans files transparently in the background
YAVG_EMCAVGEMC.exeAVG Anti-Virus 7.0 Email Cleaner. Scans incoming and outgoing email for viruses
Yavgmsvr.exeavgmsvr.exeRequired for AVG Anti-Virus 7.0 to function
YAVG_RegCleanerAVGREGCL.exeAVG Anti-Virus 7.0 Registry Cleaner - for checking the registry for virus additions and other security problems
YAvgserv9.exeAvgserv9.exeBackground monitoring program for AVG anti-virus
YAvMaiSrvAvmaisrv.exeAvast32 anti-virus - E-mail scanner
Yavpccavpcc.exeKaspersky Labs anti-virus
XAvril Lavigne - Muse<random filename>Added as a result of the AVRIL-A VIRUS!
YAVSCHED32AVSched32.exeAntiVir anti-virus from H+BDEV
NAvtrayAvtray.exeCommand Antivirus tray icon
UAVWUpd32AVWUPD32.EXEAntiVir updater. Useful, but can be run manually
Yavx communicatorxcommsur.exeAnti-virus part of BitDefender virus scanner/firewall
YAvxliveavxlive.exeBullguard or BitDefender antivirus
Yavxlniavxinit.exeAnti-virus part of BitDefender virus scanner/firewall
?Avxnews????
Nawhost32awhost32.exePart of Symantec's pcAnywhere remote PC management software. Provides an automatic startup of the client PC in host mode in conjuction with a host-definition file, so system administrators can access the machine. Can cause a 10% reduction in speed and not recommended
Ya-winpoet-servicewinpppoverethernet.exeWinPoET is the industry's first Windows-based PPP over Ethernet client. Developed by iVasion, WinPoET is attractive to equipment providers, modem suppliers, RBOCs and ISPs. For more info read here. It uses dial-up networking for new high-speed internet customers who are more familiar with analogue modems. If unchecked in MSCONFIG it reports Error 360 - Hardware Error in dial-up networking
?AxFilterRundll32 AXFILTER.DLL,
Rundll32
??

Top of Page

B

 Name/Startup Item Command Comments
Xb3d BDEsecureinstall.exeB3d Projector - installed along with the KaZaA file sharing utility. Causes a program called "ZUPDATE.EXE" to periodically try to access the internet. (1) Uninstall it via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Add/Remove Programs. (2) Remove the BDEsecureinstall.exe if still present in C:\Windows\System. (3) Disable and ideally delete it from the registry. (4) Remove the "BDE" directory and all its contents
Xb3dUpdateZupdate.exeSame as above but not installed via KaZaA
Xb9B9.exeFireTrust Benign - allows you to receive e-mail which is safe from viruses, worms, scripts, web bugs, privacy threats and other security risks, without affecting your e-mail. "Benign neutralizes or strips out the code that makes viruses, worms, scripts and other potentially harmful things run"
Xbabeierundll32 cnbabe.dll,
dllstartup
CommonName Toolbar spyware. To uninstall see here
NBabylon TranslatorBabylon.exe"Babylon-Pro is a powerful information tool that instantly provides relevant information, translations & conversions for any word or value you click on"
UBackgroundSwitcherbgswitch.exeBackground Switcher Powertoy. Included with the last beta version of the XP Powertoys. Whenever a user right clicked his desktop and chose properties he could see a new tab which allowed him to enable a "Desktop Slide Show." This would automatically change the Windows Desktop at an interval specified by the user. Available here
NBackpack UDFbpudfmon.exeBackpack UDF packet writing software for Microssolutions' Back Pack external CD-RW drive. Similar to DirectCD. Run manually before insert an appropriately formatted CD-RW disk
UBackupExecSchedulerbesch.exeVeritas "Back Up My PC" software
NBackWebbackweb.exeAutomatically detects an internet connection and downloads any available updates. Typical on Compaq and HP PC's but not restricted to those OEM's. Resource hog and often causes malfunctions. Available via Start -> Programs
NBackworkBackwork.exeBackwork trojan detector
UBACPI10bacpi10a.exeKnown as "PowerKey" - a minimalistic keyboard driver that allows power management keys on BTC keyboards to function properly in older OS's (i.e. Win95/98/NT4). Also adds an icon to the system tray
Nbacstraybacstray.exeBroadcom Advanced Control Suite - for modems and set top boxes based upon Broadcom chipsets. Not required unless you have networking problems
XBADDATEBADDATE.EXEAdded as a result of an unidentified VIRUS!
Xbargainsbargains.exe
bargainbuddy.exe
Bargain Buddy - advertising spyware installed with Net2Phone & LimeWire amongst others. Some further information here
?Bart Stationstation.sbrtRelated to PeoplePC ISP. May be a dialler for dial-up accounts?
NBatchreg1N/APart of the Windows System Recovery process. Added to the registry via Msbatch.inf. The existence of this key or process after the last reboot during installation indicates an unsuccessful installation, as that key should be deleted automatically. See here
UBatteryBarbatterybar.exeBatteryBar - displays battery usage, and the current percentage of battery power left
UBattery Scopebatmgr.exeMonitors battery levels on a notebook/laptop PC
XBatzBackBatzBack.scrAdded as a result of the BACKZAT VIRUS!
UBAUSBBAUSB.exeBoston Acoustics Audio, USB driver
UBayMgrDockApp.exeHot-swappable drive management on laptops allowing you to change drives without closing down Windows. Only required if you frequently swap bay devices 
UBayswapbayswap.exeHot-swappable drive management on Compaq Notebooks which allows you to swap drives without closing down Windows. Only required if you frequently swap bay devices
UBayswap2TbUpdate.exeHot-swappable drive management on Compaq Notebooks which allows you to swap drives without closing down Windows. Only required if you frequently swap bay devices
NbbSysTraybbSysTray.exePhilips CD-RW related - "the 'Blue Button' feature gives users the chance to receive convenient online support for their possible device problems or questions"
Ubbuibbui.exeAOL DSL status monitor displaying a red/green icon indicating if you have a connection
UBCDetectbcdetect.exeBcdetect.exe searches the system to make sure Creative drivers are installed for the video card. It loads the BlasterControl when the drivers are detected. Your choice - try it and see
YBCMDMMSGbcmdmmsg.exeBCM voicemodem driver. Required for dial-up if you have one of these modems
UBCMHalrundll32.exe bcmhal9x.dll, bcinitBlasterControl for Creative video cards - controls for desktop settings, monitor configuration, colour adjustments and performance tuning. May be needed to retain settings
YBCMSMMSGBCMSMMSG.exeBCM voicemodem driver. Required for dial-up if you have one of these modems
?bcmwltrybcmwltry.exeBroadcom Corporation Wireless Network Tray Applet. Is it required?
UBCTweakbctweak.exeBlasterControl for Creative video cards - controls for desktop settings, monitor configuration, colour adjustments and performance tuning. May be needed to retain settings
NBCWipeTMbcwipetm.exeBCWipe Task Manager - scheduler for BCWipe so that it runs at convenient times. You can set a time for running the task, as well as special options for the task. Run manually when needed
YBDMConBdmcon.exeBitDefender antivirus
NBearSharebearshare.exeBearShare file sharing client. Versions known to include spyware - see here
?BEEIbeei.exe??
?BEHLBEHL.exe??
?Belsta.exeBelsta.exeConfiguration tool for Belkin wireless network cards. Required to change the card’s configuration. Is it required for correct operation once the confuiguration is changed?
XBenadril Alert Toolbenadrilalert.exePlug-in for WeatherBug advising when pollen count in your area is high - prompting you to buy Benadril
Ybgbullguard.exeBullguard antivirus and firewall. The P2P version is free with KaZaA Media Desktop and Grokster
Nbgsmsndbgsmsnd.exePrinter driver to generate PDF files from any program
NBHOCopBHOCop.exeZDNet's BHO Cop that lets you see what browser helper objects are installed. Useful for detecting spyware
NbigfixBIGFIX.EXEBigFix can automatically download and read technical support information provided by computer and software manufacturers and other technical support experts (published in the form of Fixlet® Messages) and can automatically check your computer for bugs, configuration conflicts, and security holes. Should only be started manually as it's a resource hog
UBigPond ToolbarbpumTray.exeTelstra BigPond Toolbar - "Introducing the free and easy to use BigPond Toolbar that is designed to make your internet experience and managing your Telstra internet account a whole lot easier"
NBillminderBillmind.exeCan be setup in Quicken to remind user of due payments. Available via Start -> Programs
XbingdianBingdian.vbsAdded as a result of the BINGD VIRUS!
XBiosBios32.exeAdded as a result of an unidentified VIURS!
YBitDefender Communicatorxcommsvr.exeBitDefender antivirus
UBitDefender for MSN Messenger msnmon.exeBitdefender anti-virus for MSN Messenger. Unless you have MSN Messenger running all the time start it manually
Ybitdefenderliveavxlive.exeMain program of BitDefender virus scanner/firewall
YBitDefender Live! Initbdinit.exeBitDefender antivirus
UBitDefender_P2P_StartupBitDefender_P2P_Startup.exeBitdefender anti-virus for file transfers via internet messaging clients such as ICQ and MSN Messenger. Unless you have these running all the time start it manually
YBitDefender Scan Serverbdss.exeBitDefender antivirus
NBitWare Print Monitorbwprnmon.exeFaxServe network fax software
Nbjcfdcdf.exeBroadJump Client Foundation. Broadband troubleshooting software installed by various companies. Not required and you can remove it via Add/Remove programs
NBJ Status Monitor 5xxCJSTRxx.EXECanon printer status monitor - where "xx" is different depending upon the version. Not required as you can check the printer status via My Computer -> Printers
NBlackICE PC Protection
or
BlackIce Utility
blackice.exeLoads the user interface for the BlackICE PC Protection (was Defender) firewall program. From the parent site - '(the user interface) starts in the "Startup" menu and adds itself to the taskbar. The user interface is independent from the rest of the system and only displays the output or reconfigures the system. It does not need to be running for the rest of the system to run.' See also LoadBlackD
NBlazeChangerFBZPaper.exeEmber graphic file viewer, manager, and touch-up system
UBlockAds
or
blads
blads.exeA Tweak-XP component, blocks advertisement banners in Internet Explorer. Can be enabled/disabled via Tweak-XP / Internet Tweaks
NBlockTrackerBlockTracker.exeIf present on a HP machine it tracks all the processes and logs them to a blocklog.txt file
Xblssblss.exeCBlaster trojan/dialer/downloader
NBLSTAPPblstapp.exePuts access to Creative's BlasterControl in the System Tray
?BlueToothAuthentication Agent RunDLL32.exe irprops.cpl, BluetoothAuthenticationAgentUsed for a bluetooth adapter?
NBMail InstallationFTP_back.exePart of iMesh - a file sharing system. Reported by Norton AntiVirus as a trojan. Once deleted does not prevent file sharing working. Older versions of iMesh re-instate this but the newer versions do not
UBMMGAGRundll32 PWRMONIT.DLL, StartPwrMonitorDisplays a battery gauge icon in the Taskbar (not the System Tray). Provides shortcuts to IBM's proprietary power saving settings and to a battery information window
?BMMLREFBMMLREF.EXERelated to IBM Thinkpad Power Management Utility. What does it do and is it required?
UBMO MasterCard WalletEWALLET.EXEThe wallet conveniently stores billing, shipping and payment information on your PC
NBMupdateBMupdate.exeRelated to BookmarkCentral below. Typically added after downloading drivers for Visioneer scanners for example, and you install the driver self-install
XBndt32Bndt32.exeAdded as a result of the LACON VIRUS!
XBnexe<random filename>Added as a result of the KITRO.D (or ARGEN.A) VIRUS!
YBOCleanautostartBoclean.exeNSClean's BOClean anti-trojan software
UbombshelBOMB32.EXEPart of McAfee Nuts & Bolts. Protects your Windows system from application failure and crashes - similar to Norton Crashguard. Your choice - may cause problems
XBonzi Buddy??Spyware - read here for information and here for removal instructions
XBookedSpacebs2.dll,DllRunAdware, related to the Remanent parasite
NBookmarkCentralBMLauncher.exeBookmark Express - "offers a more flexible way to manage Web site bookmarks, regardless of which browser you use"
UBoost XP Servicebxservice.exeBoost XP from Systweak - WinXP tweaking utility 
Xbootboot.exeAdded as a result of the ELEM VIRUS!
XBootLoaderBootLoader.exe.vbsAdded as a result of the WATERWORKS VIRUS!
XBoot ManagerNjgal.exeAdded as a result of the KILO VIRUS!
UBootStatusBOOTST~1.EXEVisual Basic program that pops up a small window on startup telling you how many times the machine has been booted that day.  Once you exit it, it has no more effect on resources
NBose Wave/PC Monitorwavepcmonitor.exeSystem Tray access for this system (more info on the system here). Available via Start -> Programs
Ubpcpost.exebpcpost.exeMS TV Viewer Post Setup Program. Part of MS WebTV for Windows. Used to display TV on your PC via a compatible video card with in-built tuner (such as ATI All-In-Wonder). If you don't use it - uninstall it
UBPKbpk.exeBlazing Tools Perfect Keylogger (monitoring program). Given a "U" recommendation because it depends if you intentionally installed it. If you didn't treat it as "X" and uninstall or remove
UBQTray.exeBQTray.exeSystem Tray access to BurnQuick CD burning software. Only required if you use the queueing facility, hence the U recommendation. Create your own desktop shortcut to start manually
XBrasilBrasil.exeAdded as a result of the OPASERV.E VIRUS!
NB.Readerremin.exeBirthday Reminder 5.0 - as the name implies
YBrindys BriTrayBRITRAY.EXEMain process for the following applications: GEDEX, SICARIO, BRINOTES, BRIRESPA, SICURE, TRASGO, UNDOCS, FRESH & BRIFAME (all of them from Brindys Software). Performs the following tasks [un]installation, web software autoupdate, notification windows, interprocess communication, tray bar icons & menus, alarms (brinotes), and common web launching from the mentioned applications. Can be stopped safely once run if so desired
NBroadband Wizardbbwiz.exeStarts Broadband Wizard so it runs in the System Tray. This application tests and optimizes your Cable or DSL connection. Available via Start -> Programs
NBrowseProxyFindService.exeActual Names - "It is now possible to enter a particular word or keyword phrase that is associated with your business, and immediately be directed to YOUR WEBSITE! The Actual Names technology can do this for you"
Xbrowser aidbrowseraid.exeBrowserAid/BrowserPal foistware
YBrowser Hijack Blasterbhblaster.exeBrowser Hijack Blaster - protects your system from browser hijackers and spyware that alters your IE settings
UBrowser LauncherCommandr.exeLogitech internet keyboard "Commander" software - loads the software for the shortcut keys on the keyboard. Not required unless you want to use the short cut keys
XBrowser Paladblck.exeBrowserAid/BrowserPal foistware
NBrowserWebCheckloadwc.exeChecks to make sure that IE is still your default browser
NB'sCLiPBSCLIP.exeCD recording utility that comes with a lot of CDR/CDRW drives and isn't required
XBsoft lppt01Bsoft.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "BelmontSoft" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
XBsx3Rundll32.exe bs3.dll, DllRunBookedSpace parasite variant
?btinstbtinst.exeAssociated with an Anycom bluetooth wireless card. What does it do and is it required?
?bttraybttray.exeAssociated with an Anycom bluetooth wireless card. What does it do and is it required?
YBTUSRBDGFBtUsrBdg.exeUsed with a Mitsumi USB Bluetooth adaptor
NBuddyizerBuddyizer.exePart of the AIMster Peer to Peer (P2P) file sharing application that runs over the AOL Instant Messenger network
Ubugwatcher servicebugwatcher.exeBugtoaster is a service that sends reports on system/program crashes (certain types) back to Bugtoaster. They relay information to program authors and provide, if available, any known solutions to the crashes. It doesn't take up any room in memory, just activates in the event of certain program failures
?BuildBU
or
bldbubg
bldbubg.exeFound on a Dell machine??
UBulldog Serviceupsd.exeBelkin's Bulldog Plus control software which runs under Windows 95 or later and monitors the UPS (Uninterrupted Power Supply) via a serial or USB link
YBullGuardmgui.exePart of Bullguard antivirus
YBullGuardInitAVXINIT.EXEPart of Bullguard antivirus
UBullGuard Updateavxlive.exePart of Bullguard antivirus. Leave enabled unless you manually update virus definitions
YBullGuard XCommXCOMMSVR.EXEPart of Bullguard antivirus
?BullsEye TrackerBeTrack.exeBullseye - intelligent research assistant
NButtonKeyButtonKey.exeCyberView TWAIN driver for the Pacific Image range of 35mm film scanners. Enables the one touch scanning button and places an icon an the System Tray. Use your scanners software or run it manually by creating a shortcut
UButton Serverbttnserv.exeFound on a Compaq PC, for the extra buttons on the keyboard for the speaker volume, media player, sleep and internet buttons. If the buttons aren't used on the keyboard or your's doesn't have them, then it isn't required
UBuzof.exebuzof.exeBuzof from Basta Computing "enables you to automatically answer, close or minimize virtually any recurring window including messages, prompts, and dialog boxes"
NBuzmeBmui.exeBuzme by RingCentral, Inc - internet call waiting. Intercepts telephone calls like an answering machine and plays the voice message on your PC. Only required when you're on-line and via dial-up modem
XBymer.ScannerWininit.exe
Msinit.exe
Added as a result of the BYMER VIRUS!

Top of Page

C

 Name/Startup Item Command Comments
UC2KCYB2K.EXECYBERsitter 2000 or 2001 -  anti-porn filter primarily. Required if you want the sites you visit filtered without having to load the software every time you launch your browser
NCachemanCacheman.exeFreeware disk cache tweaker from Outer Technologies. Should only be run once and not loaded at start-up
?CACStartercacstart.exe??
UCaddais BackupOnDemandBODMon.exeCaddais BackupOnDemand - "runs in the background and monitors your important files for changes. Within seconds of changing, modified files are automatically backed up to an archive location"
UCADScads.exeCyber Sentinel internet filtering software
NCAgentCAgent.exeAbbyy Fine Reader OCR (Optical Character Recognition) software for scanning and converting documents
XcAgOu<filename>.htaAdded as a result of the KAKWORM VIRUS!
NCahootWebcardCahootWebcard.exe"The Cahoot Webcard is a virtual card that allows you to use your Cahoot credit card online without ever having to expose your real card numbers over the web. It works by generating one-off transaction numbers as a substitute for your real cahoot credit card details". Run manually when needed
?CallBumpingcbpopw.exe??
NCallControlftctrl32.exeFaxTalk Messenger Pro is a Windows TAPI based 32-bit application. When installed, the software automatically loads FaxTalk CallControl when you start Windows. When FaxTalk CallControl is running, any TAPI compliant application can request to use the modem from Windows
NCal Reminder Shortcutcalrem.exeProduces a pop-up reminder of events scheduled using the MS Office Calendar
NCamCheckCamCheck.exeNuCam camera software related
NCamio Viewer xIXApplet.exeImage viewing program that comes with digital cameras. Shows pictures that are in the camera before downloading them. "x" in the name is the version
?CamMonitorhpqcmon.exeFrom HP and related to digital imaging
NCanadaCanada.exeKnown to be a dialler - but is it maliscous or clean?
NCanarycanary-std.exeCanary monitoring program. Keylogger, monitors all computer activity
NCanon Printer Monitor BJCxxxCjstlst.exeTrayicon for Canon printer. xxx denotes model. Available via Start -> Programs
NCapfaxcapfax.exePhoneTools fax software
NCapture Express 2000capexp.exeCapture Express - screen capture utility
NCard MonitorREGCNT09.exeFor the USB connection on a Panasonic PV-DV701 Digital Camcorder. Available via Start -> Programs
UCARPservicecarpserv.exeAssociated with Zoltrix modems - enables the internal modem speaker, allowing you to listen to the dial-up sounds for example
?CasAgntCasAgnt.exeRelated to a Casio PDA - but what does it do and is required?
UCBWAttnCBWAttn.exeRequired for Bitware to answer incoming faxes, can cause sleep mode problems
UCBWHostCBWHost.exeRequired for Bitware to answer incoming faxes, can cause sleep mode problems
?CBWUserCBWDial.exeAssociated with Bitware that integrates fax, voice, pager, and data communications on your desktop
XCC2KUIcomet.exeComet Cursor - displays different mouse pointers dependent upon the site your visiting. Malware because it automatically installs. See here for more information and for the uninstall procedure
YCcAppccApp.exePart of Norton AntiVirus 2003. Auto-protect and E-mail check will not function without this
NCcdecoderundll32.exe streamci,
StreamingDeviceSetup
Part of the closed caption decdoder/MS VBI codec. Should only run once
YCCDoctorLogonTestingccdoctor.exeChecks your system to make sure it's configured properly for running Rational ClearCase, a source code management tool. ClearCase is fairly sophisticated so there are a lot of system-related things that can cause it grief. If you run ClearCase you should not disable this as it provides a valuable service, but technically it isn't required to use the ClearCase product
YCcEvtMgrccEvtMgr.exePart of Norton AntiVirus 2003. Event manager for scheduling weekly scans and or automatic virus updates. Used to start automatically via CcApp and was not required as a seperate entry but a recent update changed this
YCcPxySvcCCPXYSVC.exePart of Norton's AntiVirus 2003, Internet Security and Firewall products. E-mail proxy service - required for E-mail scanning and the firewall
Xccregexplorer.exeAdded as a result of the ZCREW VIRUS! Note - this is not the valid explorer.exe
YCcRegVfyccRegVfy.exePart of Norton AntiVirus 2003. "ccRegVfy.exe is responsible for checking the integrity of the NAV registry entries to make sure that the information has not been changed by a malicious threat or a hack"
YccSetMgrccSetMgr.exePart of Norton AntiVirus 2004. What does it do?
N??CDANTSRV.exeC-Dilla License Management software. Used for any program that uses C-dilla Protection, example: 3D Studio Max 4.x. It loads as a service automatically but is not needed unless you run said program. Can be started and stopped manually
NCDInterceptorcdi.exeCD indexer for measuring the speed of CD players
NCDTrayCDTray.exeOn HP PCs, this is the small CD icon next to the time
?CeEKEYCeEKey.exeToshiba Satellite E-Key related. Is it required?
?CeEPOWERcepmtray.exeToshiba power management related. Is it required?
XCekirge<path to worm>Added as a result of the KERGEZ.A VIRUS!
?CEPAwsot.exe??
NCFDCFD.exeBroadJump Client Foundation. Broadband troubleshooting software installed by various companies. Not required and you can remove it via Add/Remove programs
Ycfgintprcfgintpr.exeConfiguration Interpreter - part of Tiny Personal Firewall V4
Ncfgwizcfgwiz.exeIntroduced with Norton Anti-Virus 2002, this is a real resource hog. Many NAV users will find they can live without loading it
?cFosDNTcFosDNT.execFos DSL Modem driver related. What does it do and is it required?
?cFosInst_Checkcfosinst.execFos DSL Modem driver related. What does it do and is it required?
UCGServercgserver.exeAssociated with an Eicon Networks ISDN or ADSL modem. Call Guard Server (CGserver) watches your modem and blocks incoming or outgoing calls. You need cgard.exe (from Startmenu) to configure cgserver with rules and telephone numbers. Good against unwanted dialer programs
XCgtask Servicescgtask.exeAdded as a result of the LALA.B VIRUS!
UChamClockChamClock.exeChameleon Clock - system tray clock replacement
?ChangeLineschngline.exe??
NCheck for One Touch Updatewiseupdt.exeChecks for updates for Visioneer OneTouch scanners
UCheckItToolBox.exeCheckIt Toolbox from WinCheckIt Diagnostic Software. Toolbox automatically backs up critical system files (such as .ini files and the Windows Registry), and performs a check on various system parameters at intervals you specify
UCheck Messengercmesseng.exeCheck Messenger from Qchex.com - program that helps you manage the activity of your Qchex account
YCheckMsgPlusMsgPlusH.dll,
VerifyInstallation
Added by MSN Messenger Plus, a third party extension to MSN Messenger. This is the auto-update feature - see here for more info.
?checktimect.exeFound in the \HPSelect\Frontend\ directory on a HP machine. What is it's purpose and is it required?
UCherryKeyManKeyMan.exeMultimedia keyboard manager for the Cherry keyboard series. Only required if you use any of the special keys
NCHKADMINCHKADMIN.EXECompaq Network Management System. When running, it places an icon in the system tray titled "Intelligent Manageability"
XChokeChoke.exe-blahhAdded as a result of the CHOKE VIRUS!
UCHotKeymhotkey.exe
or
MK9805.EXE
Enables special keys on Chicony keyboards. Special combinations include Internet, E-mail, vol+, vol-, mute, etc. Only required for extended features
NChristmas Music PlayerTTEST6.EXE"Christmas Music Player brings the music of the Christmas Holiday to your desktop"
?ChromeMarkkeysh.exeRelated to this. Don't know what keysh.exe does though and if it's required
?ChronitelInitTVCHTVINIT.EXE??
XCiaBackdoormsldr.comAdded by a VIRUS!
NCIJxP2PSERVERCIJxP2PS.EXECompaq printer utility which is required in order to make the printer work correctly - "x" depends upon the model, ie, for IJ300 x=3, for IJ700 x=7
NCISrvr ProgramCISRVR.EXERelated to internet setup on Compaq PC's
NCitiVANCitiVAN.exeOption from Citibank to change a credit card number in a random fashion for each purchase. The number will only be used once and never again
YCjstcomCjstcom.exeCanon printer BJ status language monitor
NClick Tray CalendarClickT~1.EXEClickTray Calendar - shows holidays, reminders of various anniversaries,tasks etc
?CleanEasyImgcleanall.exe??
UCleanSweep Smart Sweep- Internet SweepCsinsm32.exeAutomatic logging of installs from Norton CleanSweep - available via Start -> Programs
NCleanSweep Useage WatchCSUSEM32.EXEQuarterdeck/Norton CleanSweep component - tracks how often you use files and alerts you to files that have not been used for a specified period of time
NCleanupONICTASK.EXEInternet Cleanup from Aladdin Systems (used to be by OnTrack) - cleans up tracks left by browsing the internet
?CleanupProgramcleanup.exeIn a C:\Sonysys folder - Sony Vaio related?
UClickoffClickoff.exeClickoff automatically dismisses annoying dialog boxes
NClick Radio Tunerclickr~1.exeClickRadio - subscription service playing radio music via the internet
XCLICKTHEBUTTONCTB.EXEPrice comparison based spyware
NClient Access Check Versioncwbckver.exePart of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. Checks the software version on your PC to that of the iSeries it is connected to. Not required - and can be turned off in the Client Access properties. It's a waste of resources
?Client Access Express Welcomecwbwlwiz.exeWelcome wizard launcher - Part of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. What does it do and is it required?
NClient Access Help Updatecwbinhlp.exeClient Access Help Registry Update Function - part of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. It only updates the help files on your PC to match the level of the attached iSeries
NClient Access ServiceCwbSvStr.ExePart of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. Useful if you are going to access the iSeries through Windows Explorer to move files back and forth between Windows folders and iSeries folders. This is a tool that is only used by Client Access administrators (usually) so it is not required - a waste of resources
?Client agent for ARCserveW95AGENT.EXEPart of Brightstor ARCserve Backup from Computer Associates. What does it do and is it required?
XClientMan1mscman.exeSpyware/malware, included into the latest version of Grokster, among others. According to research by SpyBot's PMK,  "able to trick ZoneAlarm, auto-clicking it to allow passing through the firewall!"
NClik Status Monitortoolsclickstat.exePart of Iomega Tools to let you know whether an Iomega PocketZip (nee Clik) removable drive cartridge is installed
NClipbook ServiceClipsrv.exeSupports Windows XP ClipBook Viewer, which allows pages to be seen by remote ClipBooks
NClipMate5xClipMt5x.exeClip Mate 5.x by Thornsoft. Utility that allows you to store more than one item in the clipboard. Available via Start -> Programs
NClipmate6CLIPMT60.EXEClip Mate 6 by Thornsoft. Utility that allows you to store more than one item in the clipboard. Available via Start -> Programs
NClipomaticClipomatic.exeMike Lin's Clipomatic is a clipboard cache program - it remembers what was copied to the clipboard even after new data is copied, and allows you to retrieve the old data
NClipsrvClipsrv.exeSupports Windows XP ClipBook Viewer, which allows pages to be seen by remote ClipBooks
NClipTrakkerClipTrakker.exeCliptrakker - clipboard extender
UCLMFrontPanelclmpanel.exeSystem tray status/display/configuration utility for a number of modems. Can be disabled by right-clicking on the tray icon. If disabled, connection status is lost
?clnwallrundll.exe setupx.dll, InstallHinfSection ..\delwall.inf??
XClockSyncSync.exeClockSynck - synchronizes your system clock with an internet time server. It's by WhenU, the makers of the Save Now spyware, and they're usually seen in tandem, so it's advised to replace it with one of may spyware free alternatives available
UClockWiseCLOCKWISE.EXEClockWise - produced by R J Software - a time utility. It is a schedueler not only for dates, but you can choose it to run programs at any time. It also updates the time by connecting to an atomic clock server. This is a spyware-free alternative to ClockSync
NCloneCD
or
CloneCDTray
CloneCDTray.exeSystem tray for CloneCD - the only useful option is "Hide CDR Media" only available via this tray
UCloneCDElbyCDFLElbyCheck.exeFrom Elaborate Bytes who make CloneCD - monitors the installed filters of CD-ROMs/DVD-ROMs. Note - under Win2K removing this from startup causes the CD drive in the computer to not be recognized in the OS and after rechecking it prompts that the driver has been corrupted and asks you to restart the computer to fix it
?Clotusorgreg0prtStart.exe Orgprt.exeLotus SmartSuite related. In a Lotus\OrgReg folder. Unclear what exactly it does?
XClrSchLoaderLoader.exeClearsearch variant of IGetNet
?CmaudioRundll32 cmicnfg.cpl,
CMlCtrlWnd
Control panel for C-Media based soundcards - often included on popular motherboards with in-built audio?
XCmdcmd32.exeAdded as a result of the P2P.TANKED VIRUS!
XCMEcme.exePart of Gator advertising spyware - see here for removal instructions
UC-Media Echo ControlEchoCtrl.exeC-Media produce audio chipsets that are often found on popular motherboards with on-board audio. You may need it if you use the echo control feature of C-Media Mixer (below) 
NC-Media MixerMixer.exeC-Media produce audio chipsets that are often found on popular motherboards with on-board audio. Provides System Tray access to change audio settings. Available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel or Start -> Programs
XCmeSYSCMEsys.exePart of Gator advertising spyware - see here for removal instructions
XCmeUPDCMEupd.exePart of Gator advertising spyware - see here for removal instructions
?CMGrdianCMGrdian.exeOne of the McAfee shared components. What does it do and is it required?
UCMPDPSRVCMPDPSRV.EXEPrinter Driver Plus from ViewAhead Technology (formerly DeviceGuys, Inc.). "Printer Driver Plus seamlessly integrates all the necessary components of a printer driver, plus more." Installed with some Compaq and Lexmark printers
XN/ACNBABE.EXEAppears to be spyware added by KAZAA (and maybe others) that displays pop-up ads whilst you're browsing
Ncnetkontiki.exeKontiki Delivery Manager - Windows-based client software that enables secure delivery of content to users' desktops
XCnsMaxInternat.exeAdded as a result of the POINTEX VIRUS!
XCnsMinRundll32.exe CNSMIN.DLL, Rundll32Appears as "Chinese Keywords" in the Add/Remove programs box and symptoms are a whole list of rubbish URL's in your Internet Explorer history. Clear history does not remove these. For more information see here
NCnxDslTaskBarCnxDslTb.exeConnexant DSL Taskbar as used on Acess Runner and Samsung AHT-E310 ADSL modems
UCodename Dashboarddashboard.exeCodename: Dashboard - "an application that resides at the side of your screen. Built on the Microsoft .NET Framework, it is a host for interchangeable components through which C.D. allows you to have any information you want, on your desktop, all the time"
XColdlife -icmpSystray.exeAdded as a result of the FSERVE VIRUS! Note - this is not the real SysTray.exe
Ucolorealcoloreal.exeMakes colours sharper and brighter, but will only work with coloreal capable monitors
NColorific Control PanelHgcctl95.exeFrom E_Color. Colorific delivers accurate gamma and color temperature across your entire system - monitor to printer and digital camera to monitor
NCOM-IPCOMIP.EXECOM-IP Virtual Modem Driver (COM-IP Creates a Fake Serial Port that allows you to use older DOS Based Communications Programs over Telnet. Type atdt host.domain.com instead of atdt 5551212)
XComcastSUPPORTtgkill.exeComcast (the cable folks who are replacing @home in some parts of the USA) have struck a deal with Tioga to provide an "enhanced" support and self-repairing tool. This is "beta" at present and was made available to download by mistake at present. Remove via Start -> Settings -> Add/Remove Programs
XCOMCFGcomcfg.exeAdded as a result of the TOADCOM.A VIRUS!
UCOMDRV32svdhost.exeOrvell Monitoring 2003 - surveillance software that creates records of everything people do on a computer, ie, spying or monitoring depending upon how you call it. Note - asks for permission to contact the IP address of http://www.protectcom.com/
XCommand (1)system.exeAdded as a result of the GATECRASH.A or GATECRASH.B VIRUSES!
XCommand (2)Gotit.exeAdded as a result of the TITOG VIRUS!
XCOMMAND (3)command.exeAdded as a result of the QQPASS.E VIRUS!
NCommCtrcommctr.exe"Net2Phone CommCenter is the latest in Internet voice technology allowing you to place calls easily all over the world right from your PC!". Available via Start -> Programs
UCompaq AlerterCPQAlert.exeCompaq's Insight Manager Agent - a tool that allows for "fault, performance, and configuration management". Recommended for corporate users only. It's best removed if installed but not wanted, rather than disabled at startup. See here for more information
NCompaq Computer Corp SCCenter ModuleSCCENTER.EXEFor Compaq PC's. Part of Backweb
?Compaq Computer SecurityRundll32.exe SECURE32.CPL, Service??
NCompaq DMIcpqdmi.exeCompaq version of the Desktop Management Interface
?CompaqHW Comp Managercpqhcm.exeRunning on a Compaq laptop - any ideas?
NCompaq Internet Setupinetwizard.exeFor Compaq PC's. Runs Compaq internet setup wizard and offers you to signup from ISP list
UCompaq Knowledge Centersilent.exe & matcli.exeFor Compaq PC's. "matcli.exe is a motive Assistant Command line interface that gathers information about your system's identity like your name email address, city, state, etc and gets written to a log file while silent.exe executes matcli.exe quietly in the background. Compaq Knowledge Center is required to run with the Help and Support program. If you uncheck Compaq Knowledge Center and and then run help and Support it will add another Compaq Knowledge Center in the startup menu. If you remove the Compaq Knowledge Center in the add/remove program some help menus in help and support will not be available like Fix my Presario, Preference, and Contact Technical Support". You decide.
NCompaq Message ServerCOMPAQ-RBA.EXEApplies to CPQBootPerfDB below as well. These files generate some kind of server or servlet that attempts to connect with Compaq online. They are like Trojans, but fairly harmless. They send information on the "Compaq Advisor/Compaq Message Screener" application that comes with every Compaq computer and provide feedback on how computer users use the Message Advisor. These messages appear occasionally and instruct and advise users on their computer and its use. They generally attempt to get you (these messages) to connect to Compaq's website. They may be safely disabled via (1) MSCONFIG or (2) Start -> Programs -> Compaq Advisor -> Advisor Settings under the "advanced" tab. Not required and can cause problems
UCompaq PK Daemoncpqkl.exeFor Compaq laptops for programming user configurable keys. Not required unless you use them
NCompaqPrinTrayprintray.exePuts printer icon in the System Tray. When this option is disabled you will no longer be able to access the Control Program or Printer Driver directly from your desktop
NCompaqSystraycpqpscp.exeCompaq System Tray icon
NCompaq Video CD Watcher??For Compaq PC's. MPEG viewer
XCOM Service (1)mscom32.comAdded as a result of the BEASTY.H VIRUS!
XCOM Service (2)msynvr.comAdded as a result of the BEASTY.G VIRUS!
XCOM Service (3)msjclh.comAdded as a result of the PLUX VIRUS!
NCOMSMDEXEcomsmd.exe3Com tray icon
XComTry Web Searcherwstray.exeComtry MP3 Downloader related - spyware
XConfigservice.exeAdded as a result of the ISRAZ.B VIRUS!
XConfig LoadationiEEexplore.exeAdded as a result of the SDBOT.H VIRUS!
XConfig LoadatiorinI3Explorer.exeAdded as a result of the SDBOT.H VIRUS!
XConfig Loader (1)svchosl.exeAdded as a result of the GAOBOT.P VIRUS!
XConfig Loader (2)sysldr32.exeAdded as a result of the GAOBOT VIRUS!
XConfig Loader (3)scvhost.exeAdded as a result of the GAOBOT.AE VIRUS! Note - this is not the valid svchost.exe as described here
UConfigSafeCFGSAFE.EXE
or
AUTOCHK.EXE
ConfigSafe - lets you identify changes to the registry, INI files, System asset files, system hardware, network connections, and operating system versions -- provides a restore function. Your choice
NConfigServicesConfig.exePart of initial setup on a Compaq PC
XConfiguration Loadedwupdated.exeAdded as a result of the MOEGA VIRUS!
XConfiguration Loader (1)aim95.exe
cmd32.exe
IEXPL0RE.EXE
iexplore.exe
loadcfg32.exe
MSTasks.exe
Added as a result of the LOADCFG or SDBOT. Note - "iexplore.exe" resides in C:\Windows\System (Win9x/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (WinNT/2K), or C:\Windows\System32 (WinXP) whereas 
the valid "iexplore.exe" (IE) resides in C:\Program Files
XConfiguration Loader (2)syscfg32.exeAdded as a result of the SDBOT.B VIRUS!
XConfiguration Loader (3)service5.exeAdded as a result of the GAOBOT.AF VIRUS!
?Configuration Loader (4)lfass.exe??
XConfiguration Loader (5)sycfg34.exeAdded as a result of the GAOBOT.AN VIRUS!
XConfiguration ManagerCNFGLD32.EXE
Cnfgldr.exe
Added as a result of the SDBOT VIRUS!
NConfiguration UtilityCONFIG.EXEControls linksys wireless connection. Available from the Desktop
NConfiguration WizardCfgwiz32.exeAdded as a result of a variation of the HACKTACK VIRUS! Not to be confused with the valid MS "ISDN Configuration Wizard" (Cfgwiz32.exe) in C:\Windows\System
NConmgrconmgr.exeStarts Winfax pro at startup
UConMgr.execonmgr.exeConnection Manager as used by Earthlink and others. If you need this to ensure a proper connection but don't want to connect at startup try creating your own shortcut 
XConnect2Partyconnect2party.exeAdult content dialler
NConnectionManagerCManager.exeSBC Yahoo DSL service connection manager. You can connect from the network connections. Users having problems with this have been advised to uninstall the connection manager via Add/Remove Programs and it won't affect the service
?Contactecontacte.exeSome kind of driver?
XContentServicewinservn.exeHomepage hijacker
XContinueInstallbpsinstall.exeBrowserAid parasite
NControlCentreTrayXWCTray.exeSystem Tray access for the Xerox ControlCentre 2.0 software for their range of printers, copiers, faxes, etc
NControllerWFXCTL32.EXEFrom Symantec's TalkWorks Pro and WinFax. Appears if you chose to have the program appear in the taskbar (System Tray) during installation and displays a yellow fax/telephone icon. Available via Start -> Programs
Ncontrol panel (1)smctrlw.exeSystem Tray icon for a Silicon Motion LynxEM based PCI Graphics Card
XControl Panel (2)System.exeAdded as a result of the DANI VIRUS!
UCookie Cop 2CookieCop.exeCookie Cop 2 from PC Magazine - cookie manager. Allows you to decide which internet sites can add "cookies" related to their sites for the next time you return
UCookieJarCookiejar.exeCookie Jar cookie manager from Jason's Toolbox. Allows you to decide which internet sites can add "cookies" related to their sites for the next time you return
UCookie PalCPBRWTCH.EXEKookaburra Softwares Cookie Pal cookie manager. Allows you to decide which internet sites can add "cookies" related to their sites for the next time you return
UCookiePatrolCookiePatrol.exeCookiePatrol - PestPatrol's cookie interceptor stopping spyware cookies
UCookieWallcookie.exeCookieWall from Analog X. Allows you to decide which internet sites can add "cookies" related to their sites for the next time you return
UCool Deskcdesk.exeCool Desk is a virtual desktops manager. "Ever you wished to have several screens on your computer? Cool Desk creates up to 9 virtual desktops and offers you to have different windows on each of them". Not required but may be of use to you
UCoolSwitchtaskswitch.exeALT+TAB replacement Powertoy for Windows XP - enhances the graphics displayed when you want to switch between programs running full-screen
UCopernicPerUserTaskMgrCopernicPerUserTaskMgr.exeAutomatic tasking feature of Copernic Pro multi-search engine tool
NCorelCENTRAL 10I_26dadCC.exeCorelCENTRAL 10 - personal information manager (PIM). Supplied as part of Corel WordPerfect Office 2002. Available via Start -> Programs
NCorel Colleagues & Contacts Reminderscffrem.exeCorel Colleagues & Contracts - all-in-one organizer for scheduling meetings, maintaining addresses, etc. Part of Corel Print Office
NCorel Desktop Application Directordadx.exeThe Desktop Application Director (DAD) gives you easy access to all Corel applications - x represents ther version number. Available via Start -> Programs
NCorel Family & Friends remindersCFFREM.EXECorel Family & Friends - all-in-one calender, address book and list manager. Part of Corel Print House Magic
NCorelMedia FoldersIndexer8MFindexer.exe
MFINDE~1.EXE
Part of CorelDraw bundles for indexing media files - similar to "fast find" in MS Office
NCorel Registration
or
Corel Registration Reminder
Remind32.exeIf you don't want to register Corel products and be reminded about it every 2 weeks disable it
NCorel ReminderNAVBROWSER.EXEIf you don't want to register Corel products and be reminded about it every 2 weeks disable it
XCoreSrvcoresrv.exeSome IRC trojans/worms use this - see here for more information
?CORESYScoresys.exe??
NCorrectConnectCConnect.exeBroadband ISP diagnostic tool - as used by NTL and Cox Communications. Shortcut available
NCountrySelection
or
Country Select
pctptt.exeCountry selection for a PCtel HSP56 based modem. Often found in OEM (Dell,Compaq, HP, etc) systems for their modems included on the motherboard or as a separate card. Once you've set the modem up to the chosen country it's not required
Xcouponicacouponica.exeAdware - see here
?Coupon Offers????
UCP32NOTCP32BTN.EXEFor the programmable "one-touch" buttons on HP laptops (and others?). Safe to disable if you don't use these buttons
?CPA9P2PSERVERCPA9P2PS.exeFound on a Compaq Presario but what is it?
UCPATR10CPATR10.EXEDritek/Compal ATR10 Easy Button driver. Used on certain laptops (e.g. Toshiba, Compaq) to translate special hotkeys such as Play/Pause and Constrast
UCPBrWtchCPBrWtch.exeKookaburra Softwares Cookie Pal cookie manager. Allows you to decide which internet sites can add "cookies" related to their sites for the next time you return
YCPD_EXECPD.EXEFirewall bundled with McAfee VirusScan 6.*
Xcpntmgcwincomp.exe
winmgts.exe
Remote-control trojan from Electronic Group - see here
?CPortPatchcppatch.exeCPortPatch is a utility is required for Dell laptops that are using a docking station. Is it needed though?
YCPQAcDcCPQAcDc.exeCompaq PowerCon power management software for laptops
UCPQAlertCPQAlert.exeCompaq's Insight Manager Agent - a tool that allows for "fault, performance, and configuration management". Recommended for corporate users only. It's best removed if installed but not wanted, rather than disabled at startup. See here for more information
NCPQBootPerfDBCPQBootPerfDB.EXESee Compaq Message Server above
YCPQCalibCPQCalib.exeCompaq PowerCon power management software for laptops
NCPQDFWAGCpqDfwAg.exeFor Compaq PC's. Runs Compaq diagnostics on every boot
UCPQEASYACCcpqeadm.exeFor Compaq PC's. Allows the use of programmable keys on mulimedia keyboards. Required if you use the additional keys
Ucpqeauicpqeaui.exeFor Compaq PC's. Allows the use of programmable keys on mulimedia keyboards. Required if you use the additional keys
Ucpqekkcpqek.exeFor Compaq PC's. Easy Access button support for the keyboard
UCPQInet Runtime ServiceCpqInet.exeFor Compaq PC's. Allows AOL and Compuserve to use the Easy Access buttons for the internet. Is not required if you don't use the ISP providers
NCPQINKAGENTcpqinkag.exeThat is the Compaq Ink Agent for some inkjet printers, it lets users know when their ink cartridges are getting close to empty (by how many pages they have printed)
Ucpqnscpqnpcss.exeRelated to Compaq.Net - not required if you don't use that
YCPQSTUTFIXstutfix.exeFor Compaq PC's. Fixes audio stutter problems for ESS Maestro soundcards. You can download it here. This is a Compaq originated file and has been verified as free from viruses by McAfree/Norton
UCPUcoolCpucool.exeProgram to keep the processor cool when idle in "overclocked" systems. Also available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
XCPU Managercpumgr.exeAdded as a result of the PANDEM.B VIRUS!
Xcqlygworld_cup_.batAdded as a result of the WCUP VIRUS!
?CQSCP2PS??"Compaq printer utility which is required in the startup menu in order to make the printer work correctly". Personally I doubt whether it is actually needed
?CQSCP2P SERVER??"Compaq printer utility which is required in the startup menu in order to make the printer work correctly". Personally I doubt whether it is actually needed
Ucracked_windows1cracked_windows1.exeCracked Windows popup killer
NCrazyTalk Serverundll32.exe CrazyTalk.dll, DIIServeMediaFileCrazyTalk from Reallusion - "the worlds only facial animation tool that gives you the power to create talking animated images from a single photograph, complete with emotions." Can apparently be installed without your knowledge as well as being a legitimate download in it's own right from sites such as TUCOWS
NCreateCDCreatecd.exeAdaptec Easy CD Creator system tray application (pre version 5). Available via Start -> Programs
NCreateCD50Createcd50.exeAdaptec Easy CD Creator version 5 system tray application. Available via Start -> Programs
NCreative AGP Wizardagpwiz.exePart of Creative's BlasterControl
NCreativeDiscNotifierCTNOTIFY.EXEFor Creative Soundblaster Live! series soundcards. Detects when you insert a CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, etc. Available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
XCreative.exeCreative.exeAdded as a result of the PROLIN VIRUS!
NCreative LauncherCTLauncher.exeFor Creative Soundblaster Live! series soundcards. Adds a quick-launch bar to the top of the display and a System Tray icon. Available via Start -> Programs
UCreativeMixerCTMIX32.EXECreative soundcard System Tray access to, for example, volume slider controls as normally provided by the "speaker" icon. Not required unless you adjust any settings otherwise available via the standard icon
NCreative PCI Audio Configuration Utilitystarter.exeSystem Tray icon to configure a Creative Soundblaster PCI soundcard. Not required and re-instates itself when un-checked. Try one of the solutions on this special page. Similar to EnsoniqMixer
NCreative Service for CDROM AccessCtsvccda.exeResident program for Creative's PlayCenter included with Soundblaster Audigy sound cards - speeds up detection of some media CDs if the system doesn't natively support them. Available via Start -> Programs
NCriticalUpdateWucrtupd.exeMS Windows Critical Update Notification. If you want to keep Windows up-to-date, check the Windows Update site
XcronosMARCO!.SCRAdded as a result of the OPASERV.G VIRUS!
?Crystal 3D Audio ControlCWD3DSND.EXECrystal 3D Audio sound driver. Is it required?
?csccsc.exe??
UCSINJECT.EXECSINJECT.EXEPart of Quarterdeck/Norton CleanSweep. For a full description see here. An excerpt - "Csinject must be loaded in order for Smart Sweep to automatically monitor installations and properly track registry changes."
XCSRSSCSRSS.EXESearch page hijacker, redirecting to http://www.search-aide.com/. Note! - this is not the valid Client Server Runtime Subsystem (csrss.exe) process, which provides text window support, shutdown, and hard-error handling
XCSRSWIN<random filename>Added as a result of the WINSHELL.50 VIRUS!
XCSRSX<random filename>Added as a result of the WINSHELL.50.B VIRUS!
UCSS_CentralCSS_1631.EXECSS Communication Agent (95 Host) from Command Software Systems "CSS Central™ provides administrators with a powerfully proactive tool to effectively manage and maintain the anti-virus strategy from a centralized console."
YCSScheduleCheckSCHWIZEX.EXEPart of ConfigSafe - lets you identify changes to the registry, INI files, System asset files, system hardware, network connections, and operating system versions - provides a restore function. This part takes a snapshot of your system following a healthy re-boot
XcsssCsss.exeAdded as a result of the BALICK VIRUS!
Yctct.exect.exe is a file is for the HP Learning Adventure software and if you use this software it is required to run it
NCTAVTrayCTAvTray.exeFor Creative Soundblaster Live! series soundcards. Plays the EAX animation on start-up and adds a System Tray icon for it. Available via AudioHQ
NCTDVDDetCTDVDDet.exe
CTDetect.exe
Auto-detect and play a DVD when using a Creative Soundblaster Audigy2 soundcard. Uses about 2.2 MB of memory. Disable it by heading to the MediaSource DVD Audio Player, selecting Tools, then uncheck the Auto Start box. It should not start up automatically again
Uctfmon (1)ctfmon.exeCTFMon is involved with the language/alternative input services in Office XP. CTFMON.exe will continue to put itself back into MSConfig when you run the Office XP apps as long as the Text Services and Speech applets in the Control Panel are enabled. Not required if you don't need these features. For more info on ctfmon see here. CTFMON can be disabled from Control Panel, Text & Speech Services
Xctfmon (2)taskmgr32#.exeAdded as a result of the SOWSAT.B VIRUS! where # is a number from 0 to 9
XCtfmon.exectfmon32.exeCoolWebSearch parasite related - hijacking to Slawsearch.com
Xcftmon32taskmgr#.exeAdded as a result of the SOWSAT.C and SOWSAT.J VIRUSES! where # is a number greater than or equal to zero
NCTHELPERCTHELPER.EXECTHELPER is a background task that is a plug-in manager for Creative drivers. The theory is that 3rd party manufacturers can use the CTHELPER plug-in interface to produce drivers, add-on features, and fixes that will integrate with a tighter fit with Creative’s sound drivers and utilities. Given its purpose CTHELPER would normally be classified as a "leave alone" background task.Unfortunately there are often problems with CTHELPER, most notably that it can use 100% of CPU time so it's best left disabled
?CTPDPSRVCTPDPSRV.EXEPrinter driver (in the WINDOWS\System32\spool\DRIVERS\W32X86 folder). Is it required?
NCTRegRunCTRegRun.exeFor Creative Soundblaster Live! series soundcards. Reminds you to register your card with Creative
NCTStartupCTEaxSpl.exeSplash screen with sound on every boot up. Installed with a Sound Blaster Audigy soundcard
UCTsysVolCTSYSVOL.exeCreative sound card volume controls
?cttdpsrvcttdpsrv.exe??
YcuagentExeCuagent.exeCommand Antivirus related
Xcuocuo.exeAdded as a result of the BUGBEAR VIRUS!
NCursorXPCursorXP.exeCursorXP from Stardock - tool for creating mouse cursors
NCuteMXCuteMX.EXEFile sharing utility
YCVPNDcvpnd.exeSub-system used by Cisco VPN client for making a connection to a remote IPSec server
Ncwbckvercwbckver.exePart of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. Checks the software version on your PC to that of the iSeries it is connected to. Not required - and can be turned off in the Client Access properties. It's a waste of resources
Ncwbinhlpcwbinhlp.exeClient Access Help Registry Update Function - part of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. It only updates the help files on your PC to match the level of the attached iSeries
Ncwbsvstrcwbsvstr.exePart of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. Useful if you are going to access the iSeries through Windows Explorer to move files back and forth between Windows folders and iSeries folders. This is a tool that is only used by Client Access administrators (usually) so it is not required - a waste of resources
?cwbwlwizcwbwlwiz.exeWelcome wizard launcher - Part of IBM's iSeries (nee As/400) Client Access - communications suite that allows desktop, browser and wireless access to iSeries servers. What does it do and is it required?
?Cwcdschk.exeCwcdschk.exeIBM Thinkpad related?
NCXMonHpi_Monitor.exeAutodetects when a HP camera is attached to the computer and launches the "HP Photoimaging Software". Available via Start -> Programs
NCybercyberchk.exeLikely to be found in a directory called "Belkin" and pops up a dialog box saying "It's time to Clean your Laser lens", with the window title "PMC Laser Lens", referring the CD/CDRW/DVD drives. If you find anything more please let me know
NCyberMedia AgentCMAGENT.EXEPart of CyberMedia's Oil Change program. Not normally required. Note - if you have TextBridge, CyberMedia Agent may attach itself to TextBridge and cause TextBridge to crash everything if this is disabled
UCyber Trioshowmode.exeFrom G-Tek Technologies. Allows you to set the PC in one of three modes, Standard, Enhanced and Kiddo. Standard is full function, Enhanced prevents accidental damage and Kiddo is a play environment for kids. Pre-installed on some Packard Bell PCs
XCyberWolfCyberWolf.exeAdded as a result of the KICKIN.A (or CYDOG.C) VIRUS!
XCyDoor
or
CydoorUpdate
CD_Load.exeAdware. Check here for information about Cy-Door and here for a program that can remove it
NCyphTrayCyphTray.exeCypherus - encryption software

Top of Page

D

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
ND066U Utility D066UUTYTWAIN driver for the CanoScan D660U flatbed scanner. Start scanning via your scanner management software
UD4D4.exeDimension 4 - network time synchronization software
YDadAppdadapp.exe"DadApp is the SW utility that controls the programmable buttons on Dell Laptops. Not required, but should be left in because it can create a hassle and doesn't always restore functionality to those buttons once unchecked and rechecked" - direct from Dell
NDACONFIGEXEdaconfig.exe3Com NIC Diagnostics. Available via Start -> Programs
NDaemon (1) DAEMON32.EXEPre-loads game profiles for MS Sidewinder game controllers prior to release 2.0 of the software. Recommend upgrade. Available via Start -> Programs
UDaemon (2)
or
DAEMON Tools-1033
Daemon.exeDaemon Tools - used to map an image-file (.iso, .bin etc) to a virtual CD/DVD-drive
NDaily Planner dayplan.exeDaily Planner - discontinued, and now part of KMCS Deluxe System Suite. Tool to plan your days, and check activities off as you complete them
NDapDAP.exeDownload Accelerator Plus from SpeedBit - download manager/accelerator
XDarkDevil.Grasiele.BR Grasiele.VBSAdded as a result of the LEMBRA VIRUS!
?DashIEN/ACould be related to "Dash Power Shopping" tool bar in IE?
XDataSystem.dat.vbsAdded as a result of the BISCUIT.A VIRUS!
XData789Regedit.exe ....data789.tmpHomepage hijacker
NDataCachingFlashKsk.exeSmartMedia Card management from the installation of a SanDisk reader for a camera's SmartMedia card and also adds the "Unplug and Eject Hardware" System Tray icon
?DataLayer DataLayer.exeNokia PC Suite 5 - "A collection of powerful tools that you can use to manage your phone features and data." What does it do and is it 
required?
NData LifeGuard BACKWE~1.EXEData LifeGuard diagnostic tools for Western Digital's series of hard drives
NData LifeGuard LifeLine Lite installer DLGLI.EXEBackweb installer - see here
NDataViz Messenger DvzMsgr.exeDataViz Documents to Go - "allows you to use your Word, Excel and PowerPoint files on your handheld anywhere, anytime. In addition, it now synchronizes e-mail with attachments, PDF files, pictures and Excel-like charts"
XDatcheckdatcheck.exeAdded as a result of the KEYPANIC VIRUS!
?Datechecker N/ACould be related to this?
XDateMakerIntlDateMakerIntl.exePremium rate dialler also referred to as the PORNSPA.F VIRUS!
XDate Managerdatemanager.exeDate Manager - calender program. Spyware/adware based provided by The Gator Corporation
NDAupdateDAupdate.exeDoubleAgent content manager
?DAW9532.exe DAW9532.EXELoaded during installation of some 3Com network cards. Enables their DynamicAccess desktop management software. Is it required?
UDayTodayDAYTODAY.EXEDayToday from RoboMagic Software Corp. Displays the date on the taskbar
UDAZEL Delivery Agent DcDaemon.exeControl and send documents, etc, to any destination - see here
N??dbserv.exeDatabase Server for Norton Ghost on Win2k Pro. Ghost works fine when it is disabled
NDCfssvcdcfssvc.exeAssociated with digital cameras and known to cause problems which disappear if disabled. If this program is unchecked in startup, your camera will not cause your computer to open a pop-up window when you connect it. It is even money if you will be able to read the files off the camera without this
XDDCActiveMenuDDCActiveMenu.exeAs below
XDDCM
or
DDCMan
DDCMan.exeDigital Distribution Channel from Wild Tangent - adware
Xddeprocddeproc.exeAssociated with Webcelerator - spyware. Read eAcceleration's privacy statement here
?DDTN/A??
NDeadAIMrundll32.exe DeadAIM.ocm,
ExportedCheckODLs
DeadAIM - feature enhancing product for AOL's Instant Messenger program
XDebugDebugW32.exeAdded as a result of the GUBED VIRUS!
XDefault web browser IexpIore.exeAdded as a result of the OBLIVION.B VIRUS! Note - don not confuse "IexpIore.exe" with "iexplore.exe" (Internet Explorer), the first has a captial "i" in place of lower case "L"
Udefwatchdefwatch.exeDetects out-of-date virus definitions for Norton Anti-Virus Corporate Edition and runs the Defwatch Wizard. Only required if you don't update the virus definitions manually on a regular basis
UDelay
or
Delayrun
delayrun.exeOn HP PCs this program is used to help prevent conflicts or timing issues on fast computers
NDell AlertDAMon.exe"Dell Alert" utility, that's supposed to make interaction with Support easier
?DellDMI delldmi.exePossibly part of Dell OpenManage Client Instrumentation - software that allows remote management application programs to access information about, monitor the status of or change the state of the client computer, such as shutting it down remotely. Uses the DMI and/or common information model (CIM) protocols, which are systems management protocols defined by industry standards?
UDELLMMKB
or
DellTouch
DELLMMKB.EXEMultimedia keyboard control for Dell based PCs - only required if you use the multimedia keys
NDellSCdellsc.exeDell Solution Center - web-based troubleshooting tools and educational offerings
?DelTmpDelTemp.exeAdded to the startup list after installing a Creative SoundBlaster Audigy soundcard. Deletes temporary files once an installation is complete?
NDeltTraydeltray.exeSystem Tray access to the control panel for the M-Audio Delta 44 PCI Analog Recording Interface. Available via a desktop shortcut, Start -> Programs or Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
?demondemon.exePart of the French Wanadoo ADSL extense pack. What does it do and is it required?
UDepFrezfrzstate.exeDeep Freeze from Hyper Technologies. "Freezes" the current software configuration so that an a re-boot all changes made refer back to their original settings. Not required for most users - more likely to be used by system administrators, for example
?Description of Shortcuts *.exe* seems to be a sequence of alphanumerics that can be different, i.e., 1960F8A9, 4EBD23F5, etc. Each of these files would appear to be a shortcut, i.e., 4EBD23F5 is actually Works Calender Reminder (found via a registry search)
XDesiredesires.exeAdult content dialler
NDeskColorDESKCOLOR.EXEProvides transparent icon text backgrounds and coloured icon text
NDeskflagDeskflag.exeDeskFlag - animated USA flag on the desktop
UDesksite CMAcma.exeDesksie CMA siftware - "retrieves new content from the Desksite Data Center"
NDesktop Architect DATRAY.EXEDesktop theme manager available here - for managing the desktop appearance, fonts, sounds, etc
Ndesktopmgrdesktopmgr.exeSynchronisation manager for the cradles for the Research In Motion range of wireless handhelds, including the "Blackberry"
NDesktop Plant AZARE10S.PLTVritual plant from here - this version is an Azalea, there are others so the filename may be different
?desk-top-service desk-top-service.exe??
NDesktop WeatherTHE WEATHER CHANNEL.exeDesktop Weather by The Weather Channel - provides current temperature, conditions, alerts, etc
UDesktopXDESKTOPX.EXEA program that replaces the regular Desktop and Taskbar, and can be changed to the user's liking
Ndeskupdeskup.exeAdds Iomega Zip drive icons to the desktop
Udetect (1) idetect.exeiNTERNET Turbo from Clasys Ltd. "It accelerates any Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP internet connection in seconds". If you find it helps your connectivity leave it enabled
?detect (2) turbodetect.exe??
NDetectordetector.exeUSB port detector for LG scanners. Sits in the System Tray, and when it detects the scanner through the USB port, you can run the scanner software from the tray. It is not required at all, since you can use the scan software from almost any photo editing software
UDEventAgenteventagt.exeDEvent Agent Module client - part of Dell OpenManage and used for server management. Only required if you use this
XDevicePathProyecto1.exe
Root.exe
Added as a result of the GRUEL VIRUS!
Udevldr16devldr16.exeAssociated with some Creative Labs sound cards.  Provides audio support for DOS applications.  Not needed if you don't have those. Required if you use "Sound Play Control" and "Sound Recorder". To disable: (1) Disable via MSCONFIG (2) Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> System -> Device Manager then disable "Creative SB16 Emulation" under Creative Miscellaneous Devices
?Devlog????
?dhcpagnt dhcpagnt.exeIntel DSL modem driver. Is it required?
Ndiagentdiagent.exeSystem Tray access for Creative Diagnostics for the Creative SoundBlaster series soundcards. Available via Start -> Programs
XDialerrundll32.exe msa32chk.dllUnidentfied malware
XDialNetmxt32.exeAdult content dialler
NDialog Box Assistant OSDEx.exeDialog Box Assistant from Duality Software. Helps with the standard Open and Save As dialog boxes by showing recently used files and folders
NDialog Helper PDDLGHLP.EXEDialog Helper from PowerDesk Pro by Ontrack. Helps with the standard Open and Save As dialog boxes by showing recently used files and folders. Available via Start -> Programs
NDigiGuideCLIENT.EXE
or
client01.exe
TV guide and reminder
NDigital Dashboard devgulp.exeFor Compaq PC's. Loads Digital Dashboard options
NDigital Line DetectDLG.exeDetects whether your are plugged into a digital telephone line and displays the information graphically. Installed by Dell (and maybe others) and is included with all Connexant V.92 and Broadcom modems
NDigital River eBot downlo~1.exeDigital River Systems EBOT for downloading software from their site. In some cases, if you purchase software online for a download from a software manufacturer, you will be sent to this online company's site for the download after the purchase is complete. Read more here
NDigitalWizard ISWizard.exeInstallShield's DigitalWizard - free, complete Digital Content Management Solution that makes it easy to experience digital content
NDigitalWizard Monitor dwMon.exeInstallShield's DigitalWizard - free, complete Digital Content Management Solution that makes it easy to experience digital content
NDIGStreamdigstream.exeDIGStream Cache Manager - part of ESPN Motion that periodically checks for new videos periodically, downloading them in the background is available. Starting ESPN Motion starts digstream automatically
UDimension4d4.exeAtomic clock synchronisation freeware - starts-up, adjusts the system clock, then shuts down
XDino3dino3.exeRelated to Jurassic Park III and enables a dinosaur to walk across the screen. Also generates adverts and classified as adware as a result
XDir1caKeAdded as a result of the CAKE VIRUS!
NDirectCDDirectCD.exeDirectCD primarily allows you to drag and drop files onto a suitably formatted CD-RW disc. Unless you use this on a frequent basis it isn't required and is available via Start -> Programs. Start the program before inserting a DirectCD formatted CD-RW in the drive. A re-boot is recommended if you close Adaptec DirectCD before re-opening it again later
UDirect Update DUControl.exeDirectUpdate dynamic DNS updater
UDIRECTVDSLDirectvdsl.exeStarts DirectTV DSL modem at boot up. Can also be started manually
XDirectX (1) ddhelp32.exeAdded as a result of the BIONET.318 VIRUS! Note - not the DirectX helper which is ddhelp.exe
Xdirectx (2) Directx.exe
Sqlexploit.exe
NTCmd.exe
PipeCmd.exe
Added as a result of the SDBOT.D VIRUS!
XDirectX (3) DirectX.exeAdded as a result of the BLAXE VIRUS!
XDirectX64DirectXset.exeAdded as a result of the BROWNEY.A VIRUS!
XDirectX For Microsoft Windows dtxservice.exeAdded as a result of the PROGENT VIRUS!
UDirkeyDirkey.exeDirkey - small utility that allows you to bookmark up to 9 folders by using the Ctrl+Alt+1..9 shortcut keys in an Open/Save File dialog or in Windows Explorer. After this the Ctrl+1..9 shortcut keys can be used in the same or another window to go to any of the 9 bookmarked folders 
?Disable EHCI nousb20.exe??
N Disc Detector (1)CtNotify.exeFor Creative sound cards. Detects when you insert a CD, DVD, etc
?disc detector (2) qnetquestnotifty.exe??
?discovegdiscoveg.exe??
NDiscoverDeskshop Deskshop.exeDiscover Deskshop - single use "virtual" credit card
?DISKMON.EXE DISKMON.EXE??
N Disknagdisknag.exeDell program that reminds you to make your  backup diskettes
NDisplayTrayIcon TrayIcon.exeSystem Tray access to display properties for ABIT graphics cards. Unless you change your desktop resolution, etc regularily use Control Panel -> Display
NDistiller Assistant 3.01 DISTASST.EXEFrom Adobe. Creates PDF universal files for Acrobat Reader. Available via Start -> Programs
Udistributed.net client DNETC.EXEDsitributed computing projects client from Distributed.net where numerous computers are used to share a projects workload - similar to SETI@Home and Folding@Home. Also prone to being distributed by viruses
YDitdit.exe"Drive Icon and Label Utility" - assigns drive icons and names to flash memory cards. Required, otherwise the drives aren't found
NDiTask.exeDiTask.exeAssociated with an Eicon Networks ISDN or ADSL modem. System Tray icon which shows you the status of your lines (free, occupied with incoming or outgoing call). Available via Start -> Programs
NDJREGFIXregedit /s c:\hp\djregfix.regDJRegFix showed up first in WinME as a "clever" way to ensure that all Hewlett-Packard DeskJet printers actually worked with WinME - since most were having major problems. This "utility" adds the functionality and compatibility HP forgot to add in its WinME drivers
UDkServiceDkService.exeFrom Executive Software's Diskeeper defragmenting utility - a replacement for Windows Disk Defragmenter. Used to schedule defragmenting on a regular basis and not required if you do so manually on a regular basis
XDkware lptt01 dkware.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "DonkeySoft" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
?dkzzixm dkzzixm.exe??
Y dlatfswctrl.exeDrive letter access to HP's and Veritas' version of DirectCD. Does the same thing as DirectCD. From HP - "This is a needed file as it controles the readability of the Combo drives. Without this file loading the end user will be able to burn CD's but wont be able to read them. The drive itself will be able to read store bought master Cd's without the file but not burnt ones"
NDlaTrayDlatray.exeOn HP PCs, tray icon for dla above
Xdlderdlder.exeAdvertising spyware. Considered to be one oft the worst - even creating a fake "explorer.exe" file. Can be installed via versions of "Grokster", "Lime Wire" and "KaZaA" amongst other file-sharing utilities (see here). Reported in the past as a virus
XDlDir1caKeAdded as a result of the CAKE VIRUS!
NDLF_00000B00Vcdlf.exeKnown to cause problems with "Out of memory" errors (see here). Otherwise, it's purpose is unknown
?DLForcerExe DLForcerEXE.exe??
NDLGDLGCHBW.exeBackweb part of Data LifeGuard - diagnostic tools for Western Digital's series of hard drives. Automatically detects an internet connection and downloads any available updates
NDLHelperEXEWATCH.exeDownload helper distributed with some software that allows the software installation to redirect download locations. Not required once the installation is finished
ND-Link AirPlus DWL-650+ Utility WLANMON.exeD-Link Air Plus Wireless PC modem connection monitor
XDLL32dllmem32.exeAdded as a result of the KWBOT.E VIRUS!
XDLL Service Manager <path to worm>Added as a result of the RPCBOT.F VIRUS!
?DLTdlt.exe??
Xdlucadluca.exeAdult content dialler - see here
NDMILDRdmildr.exePart of Dell OpenManage Client Instrumentation - software that allows remote management application programs to access information about, monitor the status of or change the state of the client computer, such as shutting it down remotely. Uses the DMI and/or common information model (CIM) protocols, which are systems management protocols defined by industry standards. Available via Start -> Programs 
NDMISLDMISL.EXEDMI (Desktop Management Interface) Service Layer for Intel TokenExpress network card software. DMI support for the Intel network card managed through the Desktop Management Interface. See here for more information
NDMISLAPPDMISLAPP.exeDMI similar to above
XDnarDnar.exeUnknown, except that it is not necessary. Tends to phone home a lot. DMI related - see here
YDNE Binding Watchdog rundll dnes.dll, DnDneCheckBindingsDeterministic NDIS Extender (DNE). DNE is an NDIS-compliant module which appears to be a network device driver to all protocol stacks and a protocol driver to all network device drivers. Part of Gilat Communications internet satellite systems. Required if you have this system. Also installed by Winproxy - a proxy program for sharing internet connections through one computer. Required if you want it to work
YDNE DUN Watchdog rundll dnes.dll, DnDneCheckDUN13Deterministic NDIS Extender (DNE). DNE is an NDIS-compliant module which appears to be a network device driver to all protocol stacks and a protocol driver to all network device drivers. Part of Gilat Communications internet satellite systems. Required if you have this system. Also installed by Winproxy - a proxy program for sharing internet connections through one computer. Required if you want it to work
?DNS2GoClient dns2goclient.exeDNS2Go is a Domain Name System that will make your computer accessible anytime, anywhere by associating a domain name of your choice to your currently assigned IP address. Is it required?
?DNXVCdnxvc.exe??
XDocTorDoctor.exeAdded as a result of the DOTOR VIRUS!
NDocuMagix Init PWATCH.EXEPaperMaster is an application for the PC designed to automate the process of organizing, archiving, and retrieving digital versions of files. Start manually if needed
?Doingdoing.exe??
UDon't Panicdontpanicdemodp.exe30-day trial version of Don't Panic privacy software from Panicware. "Clean up Internet tracks and quickly hide personal documents with this privacy suite."
UDon't Panic Pop-Up Stopper dpps2.exePop-Up Stopper Companion from Panicware. Pop-up blocker integrated into the IE toolbar. Note that the Pro version doesn't load in startup as it is installed as an Internet Explorer toolbar. Can cause problems with IE if you use WinXP and uninstall Service Pack 1. Uninstalling the software leaves it in the startup group
?Dosbat????
NDownload Accelerator Plus 5.0 DAP.exeDownload Accelerator Plus from Speedbit. Download manager for resuming downloads, amongst other features. Available via Start -> Programs. Note that the free version is "adware" based
XDownload Plus DownloadPlus.exeDownloadPlus parasite - opens pop-up adverts
XDownloadWaredw.exeDownloadWare - executes arbitrary code from advertisers and not considered to be adware but is a security risk (see here). If a network connection is available it will connect to its servers, which can direct it to download and install software from advertisers. Installed along with programs such as MovieNetworks, Medialoads and PAgent
NDownload Wonder DownloadWonder.exeDownload Wonder from Forty Software. Download manager for resuming downloads, amongst other features
NDPAgntDPAgnt.exedigitalPersona fingerprint scanner
YDpcnavdpcnav.exeDirecWay from DirectTV satellite based high-speed internet access
YDPCProxyLoadOnStartup dpcstart.exeDirecWay from DirectTV satellite based high-speed internet access
YDpcstartdpcstart.exeDirecWay from DirectTV satellite based high-speed internet access. Proxy software
Udpps2dpps2.exePop-Up Stopper Companion from Panicware. Pop-up blocker integrated into the IE toolbar. Note that the Pro version doesn't load in startup as it is installed as an Internet Explorer toolbar. Can cause problems with IE if you use WinXP and uninstall Service Pack 1. Uninstalling the software leaves it in the startup group
?DragDrop DragDrop.exe??
N Drag'n'Drop_AutolaunchAutolaunch.exeIomega HotBurn - CD-RW burning software
?dregfix ph_finder.exe??
N DriveLEDOODLed.exeO&O DriveLED - displays your HDD LED on your monitor. Start manually
XDriver32Scam32.exeAdded as a result of the SIRCAM VIRUS!
NDriveSelectdriveselect.exeDVD X Copy XPress by 321 Studios. Creates a pop-up at Windows startup that asks for the DVD drive to be selected. Available via Start -> Programs
UdRMON SmartAgent SmartAgt.exePart of the network monitoring program group for 3Com NIC cards. See here for more info
XdrmuW95Mm.exeHomepage hijacker installing a toolbar: http://tdko.com/. Lop.com in disguise. See this thread
?DrvListnr DrvListnr.exeAnalog Devices SoundMAX soundcard related. What does it do and is it required?
Ndrvlsnrdrvlsnr.exeCompaq/ADI SoundMAX integrated digital audio controller related
Xdrvr32hdrvr32h.exeAdded as a result of an unidentified VIRUS!
Xdrvrmanagerdrvrquery32.exeAdded as a result of the BOOHOO VIRUS!
Xdsadsa.exeHomepage hijacker - redirecting to downseek.com
UDS Clockdsclock.exeDigital desktop clock including synchronization with atomic servers - see here
NDSentryDSentry.exeAnti-spyware from Dell. Seems that after Dell found out certain applications being installed from DVD's would report back information about what customers were watching, they decided to implement an anti-spyware service. Run manually before installation starts
YDSLagentexeDSLagent.exeUsed in conjunction with USB connected ADSL modems from Eicon Networks (as used by BT for its Broadband internet service for example). Required for a permanent ADSL connection
NDSL Monitorspdstrm.exeComes with Efficient Networks DSL Modems. Little red/green/yellow flashing icon in system tray
XDSSdssagent.exeDSSAgent by Brøderbund - spyware. Sends encrypted emails about the system back to the originators of the program. Also a resource hog. See here for more info
?DSSSGENS dssagens.exe??
N DU MeterDUMETER.EXEHagel Technologies internet bandwidth monitor
Ndumprep 0 -k
or
dumprep 0 -u
dumprep 0 -k
dumprep 0 -u
Used in connection with memory dumps - you can disable these by - right clicking on My Computer, selecting Properties and then the Advanced tab. Click on the Settings button in 'Startup and Recovery'. In the bottom pane - under 'Write debugging information' - click on the down arrow and then select 'None' - OK your way out
UDVDBitSetDVDBitSet.exeDVD+RW Drive/Disc Compatibility Setting. Installed with HP DVD+RW drives to enhance compatibility with existing readers. You can also set a DVD+RW default drive write mode which is always used
NDVDSentryDSentry.exeAnti-spyware from Dell. Seems that after Dell found out certain applications being installed from DVD's would report back information about what customers were watching, they decided to implement an anti-spyware service. Run manually before installation starts
YDvp95Dvp95.exeScan engine for F-Secure and Command antivirus software based on the F-Prot AntiVirus engine
Ydvpapi9xDVPAPI9X.exeCommand AntiVirus for Windows 95/98/Me
YDvpInitExeDvpinit.exeCommand Antivirus related
YdvprptDvprpt.exeCommand Antivirus real time protection
UDVSyncdvsync.exeDVSync is the program that allows you to synchronize your daVinci’s PDA's data with your Personal Information Manager on the PC
Xdwdw.exeDownloadWare - executes arbitrary code from advertisers and not considered to be adware but is a security risk (see here). If a network connection is available it will connect to its servers, which can direct it to download and install software from advertisers. Installed along with programs such as MovieNetworks, Medialoads and PAgent
NDwlClientsupport.exeDownload manager for Dell support alerts
?DXDllRegExe dxdllreg.exeAppears to be a MS patch that reregisters some of the DirectX DPlay DLL's?
XDxLoadDX3DRndr.exeAdded as a result of the GIBE.B VIRUS!
NDXM6Patch_981116 p_981116.exeWin32 cabinet self extractor. More info here
XDyFuCAoptimize.exeAdult content dialler - see here
XDyFuCA Active Alert actalert.exeAdult content dialler - see here
?DZKillMe DZSAVEME.EXE??

Top of Page

E

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
NE6TaskPanelTaskPanl.exeEarthlink Task Panel - part of Earthlink TotalAccess 2003 internet access software. Quick access to internet, E-mail and web-space
Ueabconfg.cplEabServr.exeEasy Access Buttons control panel on Compaq laptops. Only required if you use the extra keys
XEac_Cnrycanary.exeAdded as a result of the CANARY VIRUS!
XEac Downloaddownload.exeAssociated with Webcelerator - spyware. Read eAcceleration's privacy statement here
UEACLEANeaclean.exeFor Compaq PC's. Easy Access button support for the keyboard
?Eac_rnvdl ANTIVIRUS_INSTALL.EXE??
XEanthologyAppEANTHO~1.EXEStop-Sign from eAccelerration. Detects spyware, malware, viruses and keyloggers and stops popups. Spyware itself - read their privacy statement here
NEapcisetup (1) sbsetup.exeRockwell RipTide soundcard application software. Sound works without it
NEAPCISETUP (2) wizard.exePart of the Creative Sounblaster PIC Installation Wizard. Probably left as a result of a failed installation
NEarthLink ToolBar 5.0 etoolbar.exeEarthLink Toolbar is a tool to help you get to all of the resources of the internet. EarthLink 5.0 Setup adds a few basic buttons to the Toolbar, but you can delete these or add more buttons any time
XEasyDates_nlEasyDates_nl.exeAdult content dialler
UEasyKey or
Easy Key
easykey.exeFor programming of the built-in functions keys on some laptops (and maybe desktops). Required if these are used
XeasyServServer.exeAdded as a result of the EASYSERV VIRUS!
NEasy Start Button esb.exeProvides functionality on certain laptops that have additional keys. Not required unless you use the extra keys
UEasySync ProXCPCMenu.exeEasySync Pro is a Lotus program for synchronizing a PDA with Lotus Notes
UEasyTuneIIIEasyTune.exeTuning (overclocking) utility for Gigabyte motherboards. Shortcut available
UEasyTuneIVET4Tray.exeTuning (overclocking) utility for Gigabyte motherboards. Shortcut available
NEbatesMoeMoneyMaker wjview ...CodeEbates is a website that provides discounts from purchases from many websites. Discounts are automatic if on the Ebates listing. Discounts are paid in cash quarterly
XeBay ToolbarEBAYTBAR.EXEeBay Toolbar - reportes as spyware as it "phones home"
UeBoard
or
eMachines eBoard
Eboard.exeeMachines multimedia keyboard manager. Required if you use the extra keys
NeBotDownloadWizard.exeeBot from Digital River - "helps ensure your computer always has the latest technology, fixes, add-ons, upgrades and 'cool stuff'." Can optionally be installed with software such as Net Nanny internet filtering software. Available via Start -> Programs
XE-Cardecard.exeAdded as a result of the YODI VIRUS!
?ecpeECPE.EXE??
NEDLoaderDTLoader.exeEffective Desktop from MiniStars Software - desktop management software no longer being supported
NeFax.com Tray Menu HotTray.exeeFax Messenger Tray Menu system tray icon for eFax Messenger Plus. Available via Start -> Programs. Disabling instructions available here
Xefaxs lptt01efaxs.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "efaxs" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
UEfpap.exeEfpap.exeEasy File & Folder Protector. Deny access to certain files and folders, or to hide them securely from viewing and searching
NESFTP esftp.exeESftp - FTP client for transfering files between a local PC and another remote computer
?ehTrayehtray.exeeHome Media Center PC related - what does it do and is it required?
UEicon NetworksLAN_DAEMON
or
Eicon TechnologyLAN_DAEMON
watch.exeAssociated with an Eicon Networks ISDN or ADSL modem. Watch protocols your connection with numbers and duration. You need callvu.exe (from Start Menu) to see your connection statistics. You can manually start watch.exe before you go online. Needs diinfo.exe (started by DiTask) to work correctly which can be started manually
Xeixfichina.batAdded as a result of the WCUP VIRUS!
UElbycheckElbyCheck.exeFrom Elaborate Bytes who make CloneCD - monitors the installed filters of CD-ROMs/DVD-ROMs. Note - under Win2K removing this from startup causes the CD drive in the computer to not be recognized in the OS and after rechecking it prompts that the driver has been corrupted and asks you to restart the computer to fix it
XElementElement.txtAdded as a result of the ELEM VIRUS!
NelmElmenv.exeViaTech eLicense for securing, distributing and selling music online
YElsaCapiCtlRcapi.exeAssumed to stand for Remote Common Application Programming Interface (RCAPI), this was installed with an Elsa Microlink ISDN modem. If it is not there you can not bring up the dialog box which is sometimes needed to reset the modem
UELSAChipGuardelsavect.exeChipGuard for ELSA graphics cards - monitoring solution which monitors both the GPU temperature and fan speed, and will halt the system if either are at dangerous levels and restore the default clock speeds upon reboot. Leave enabled if overclocking
UELSA WINman Suite Winmsuit.exeAllows you to totally customize your ELSA graphics card settings, including overclocking the GPU
NEMA.exeEMA.EXETime management system which helps you to manage your time and appointments
XeMailEncryption VELOZSYS.EXEeAcceleration Stop-Sign related - foistware. Read their privacy statement here
UEM_EXECEM_EXEC.EXELogitech Mouseware driver. Needed to support some additional functionality of Logitech mice/trackballs such as "SmartMove". If you disable it and find you don't need it leave it disabled
?emsw.exe emsw.exe??
N EN4060C Taskbaren4060ct.exeComes with Efficient Networks DSL Modems. Little red/green/yellow flashing icon in system tray
?encapsulated command tool wintr.com??
N Encarta Dictionary QuickshelfQSHLFED.EXEProvides quick access to Encarta's Dictionary features?
NENCMONITORmonitor.exeThe Encompass Monitor. This program is the Connect Direct Program.  It is more trouble than it is worth and few use it
NEncoder Agent WMENCAGT.EXEMS Windows Media Encoder, which already has a shortcut in the Start Menu if installed
UEncompass_ENCMONTR ENCMONTR.EXEOptional simple browser from Yahoo (Encompass)
?ENSApServer2_0APSERVER.EXEIntel AnyPoint Wireless II Home Network related. What does it do and is it required?
?ENSMIX32.EXE ENSMIX32.EXESound card driver. Is it required?
UEnsoniqMixerstarter.exePuts the Ensoniq mixer in system tray. From Ensoniq Technologies "Our mixer is a critical part of the soundcard as it fixes sound problems and replaces the MS mixer which can no longer be used". If you find you don't need it - try one of the solutions on this special page. Similar to Creative PCI Audio Configuration Utility
XEnumerate Service wsys.exeAdded as a result of the MANIFEST VIRUS!
UeonemngeOneMng.exeeOne Manager, provides access to the buttons on the keyboard and on the front of the console for the eMachines eOne PC
UePrompterePrompter.exeePrompter - E-mail notification software
NEPSON Background Monitor STMS.EXESupposed to keep an Epson printer ready for quick printing.  Users report little difference whether it is on or not
UEPSON CardMonitor EPSON CardMonitor1.0.exeMonitors the PCMCIA memory card slot on EPSON cameras and printers and launches PhotoStarter or PhotoPrint
UEpsonPhotoStarter EPSON_PhotoStarter.exeOnly needed if you want to make full use of the capabilities of an Epson printer that included this 
NEPSON Status Monitor 3 Environment Check
or
EPSON Status Monitor 3 Environment Check 2
e_srcv03.exe
e_srcv02.exe
According to the Epson info: "Use this utility to automatically check for errors and also check the level of ink remaining." This utility can also be started on demand when about to print as follows: File menu > Print to bring up the print dialog box. Click on the Properties button which will bring up a display with 4 tabs. Click the Utility tab to get a list of utilities that can be executed including the Status Monitor 3 Environment Check
UEpson Stylus C62 Series E-S0BIC1.EXERequired for an interface to some versions of MS Word to ensure that some fonts are printed correctly. Start it manually if required
UEpson Stylus C82 Series e_s0hic1.EXERequired for an interface to some versions of MS Word to ensure that some fonts are printed correctly. Start it manually if required
?Equipmen Equipmen.exe??
N ERegreg32.exeEReg is a software registration tool incorporated on products such as those by Brøderbund, Connectix, Hewlett-Packard, The Learning Company, and Sierra. Needless to say you don't need it
?ermerm.exe??
Xeros.exeeros.exeAdult content dailler
YeSafe Protect ESPWatch.exeeSafe from Aladdin - internet security for gateway and E-mail servers
?ESS Daemon Essd.exeRelated to an ESS based soundacard. Is it required?
YEssdcessdc.exeRelated to an ESS Solo soundcard. Seems as though it's required
?ESSNDSYS ESSNDSYS.EXERelated to an ESS based soundacard. Is it required?
YESSOLOESSOLO.exeSound card driver that re-instates itself every time it's removed
Yesspkesspk.exeESS Technology modem speaker driver file. Required to get on-line with this modem
NEthernettcaudiag.exe3Com NIC Installation/Diagnostic MFC application. Diagnostics may be run from the Start -> Programs
XEtrafficJavaRun.exeMarketing software from TopMoxie
YeTrustCIPEezdsmain.exeeTrust EZ Deskshield from Computer Associates. Protects against malicious email attachments and unauthorized use of email by detecting and blocking unusual behavior
YeTrust EZ Firewall efpeadm.exeeTrust EZ Firewall
UEVENTLISTENEREvLstnr.exeUsed with a Nikon digital camera to recognize when the camera is plugged in
Neventmgreventmgr.exeUsed with a Microtek scanner. Manages the scanner's button events. Available via Start -> Programs
NEvent Planner Reminders PLNRnote.exeSierra Event Planner tray icon
N Event Reminderpmremind.exeA calendar/alarm program that installs with Brøderbund Printmaster
NEvidence Eliminator ee.exeEvidence Eliminator - cover the tracks of your browsing habits and E-mails if you think you need to. Run manually on a regular basis
Nevntsvcevntsc.exeApplication Scheduler installed along with RealOne Player. Once installed, it runs independently of RealOne Player. Not required - see here for more information, including how to disable it
NeWare Startup iWareStart.exeeWare iWare task bar. Not required
UEW Message Server msg32.exeConexant (older versions are Brooktree) Wavestream Message Server - associated with Conexant based audio devices
NExciteAssistantEXE ASSISTANT.EXEWith Excite Assistant, you can access a wide variety of online information, including email, news, and stock quotes without having to have a browser window open
NExcite Platform Exlaunch.exeLoads an Icon in the startup tray that allows you to receive service update notices for Excite@Home if you desire (note that since Excite@Home appears to be winding down this becomes irrelevant). May also allow you to kill the Excite Toolbar that automatically loads in Internet Explorer
?Excite Private Messenger Pipe x8impipe.exe??
X execfg4execfg4.exeAdded as a result of the ELECTRON VIRUS!
?Execute delfolders.exe??
X exe lptt01exe.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "Exe" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
UExif Launcher Exiflaquickdcr.exe
or
QuickDCF.exe
USB mass storage driver used by some digital cameras such as the Fuji Finepix. Only required if you use it regularly
UExitKillerEkiller.exeExit Killer - automatically closes pop-up windows in your browser
?exmonhpimoniter.exeSome kind of hp digital camera maybe or a photo smart connection probe?
Xexplore (1) explore.exeAdded as a result of the NETBUS and other VIRUSES!
XExplore (2) Explorer.exeAdded as a result of the IRC.FLOOD.G VIRUS! Note - this is not the valid Windows "explorer.exe"
XExplore (3) explore.exeAdult content dialler - where explore.exe resides in the Windows or Wnnt folder
Xexplore.exeExplore.exeAdded as a result of the GRAYBIRD.G VIRUS!
Uexplorer (1) explorer.exeStarts Windows Explorer. Unless this has been manually added to startups or added by another program it could be a virus such as PE_BISTRO or DVLDR
XExplorer (2) Explorer.exeAdded as a result of the DVLDR VIRUS! Note - this is not the valid "Explorer.exe" as it's in the Windows\Fonts directory
Xexplorer (3) wscript.exe <filename>Sneaky way to start any VBS script. Many viruses use VBS files
XExplorer (4) shellexpl.exeAdded as a result of the GPIX and SHELDOR VIRUSES!
Xexplorer (5) expl32.exeAdded as a result of the RATSOU VIRUS!
XExplorer32Expl32.exeAdded as a result of the HACKTACK VIRUS!
XExplorer lptt01 explorer.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "explorer" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here. Note! - this is not the valid Windows Explorer which has the same executable name
UExshow95EXSHOW95.exeSupport software for some of the Kensington mice. Provides access to extra features like those available with enhanced Logitech and MS devices
?Extranet AutoDial AutoExt.exeNortel Networks Contivity Extranet Switching Software
UExtraDNSExtraDNS.exeExtraDNS - DNS configuration tool
NEye Tide Launcher oneeyetideone.exeNascar wallpaper
N ezagentezagent.exeEzVCR recording software for the ASUS TV FM card. Available via Start -> Programs
NEZDeskEZDESK.EXEUtility that remembers icon locations for each user and resolution. Available here
NEzEjMnApEzEjMnAp.exeFor IBM Thinkpad Notebooks. Quote: "The IBM ThinkPad EasyEject Utility makes removing multiple devices from your computer faster and easier by enabling you to stop more than one device at once, rather than stopping each device individually". Available via Start -> Programs
XeZmmodmmod.exeEzula - regarded as spyware/theftware and bundled with the popular iMesh and KaZaA file-sharing programs. Read here for more information
YezShieldProtector for Px
or
ezPS_Px
ezSP_Px.exe
or
ezSP_PxEngine.exe
Engine that allows PrimoDVD from Veritas (was Prassi) and Drag'n Drop CD from Easy Systems (and maybe others) to record and protects against other software overwriting the settings
UEZSMART Appezsmart.exeEZ-S.M.A.R.T. hard drive monitoring software from StorageSoft - appears to be no longer supported
XezulaeZmmod.exeRegarded as spyware/theftware and bundled with the popular iMesh and KaZaA file-sharing programs. Read here for more information
XeZuluMaineZuluMain.exeComes with "KaZaA" installation. Advertising Spyware. Not required but KaZaA won't work

Top of Page

F

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
Xf607f607.exeAdded as a result of the URAT.B VIRUS!
?fapmonfapmon.exeFair Access Policy monitor for DirecPC/DirecWay internet access
UFastCachefc.exeFastCache from AnalogX - speeds up browsing by resolving DNS requests locally
NFastTrack AcceleratorSPEED UP.EXEFastTrack Accelerator - "speedup" utility for programs that use the FastTrack network such as KaZaA Media Desktop, Grokster and Morpheus
NFastUsr
or
fast
fast.exeInstalls as part of Windows XP PowerToys as an option for very-fast user switching (allowing a keystoke to switch users instead of using the login screen). It is only used for the hot-key switch and yet it hogs 1.5 megs of memory in two separate processes (one run by the user & one by the system). Optional install in PowerToys
UFatPipeDHCPSoftware enabling high speed internet browsing (2-4 times faster) and internet connection sharing for up to 5 users
UFatpipe Dialer fpdialer.exeSee above
U FBDirectFBDirect.exeSoftware that monitors the status of a Visioneer OneTouch scanner button and allows you to scan, fax, copy, print, and easily communicate by simply dragging and dropping scans on your PaperPort Desktop!. The **** represents the model, 5300, 7600, etc. Available via Start -> Programs
?FBIFBISM.exeCompaq related but what does it do?
Xfcrunfc.exeAdded as a result of the CAMPURF VIRUS!
?FD_SAPFD.exeGenicom SAP Printer driver. Is it required?
UFEELitDeviceManager feelitdm.exeAssociated with Immersion TouchSense devices (Logitech Wingman Force Feedback Mouse and possibly other peripherals)
XfegozeSVCH0ST.EXEAdded as a result of the GRAYBIRD.D VIRUS!
UFellowes Proxy R3proxy.exeInstalled with Fellowes EasyPoint mouse software. Not necessary for normal functioning of Fellowes mice but it is necessary to use the extended features of all Fellowes mice
UFG1_00frntgate.exeFrontGate MX - e-mail spam blocker
UFhtisxkfhtisxk.exeXtraKeys - keylogger (monitoring program). Given a "U" recommendation because it depends if you intentionally installed it. If you didn't treat it as "X" and uninstall or remove via Spybot S&D (for example)
NFileFreedom_Pluginwtm.exeFileFreedom peer-to-peer sharing program
XFileSoftWscript.exe UpdataFiles.vbsAdded as a result of the SST.B VIRUS!
UFilterguardFiltrgrd.exeAn icon located in the lower left of the screen and looks like a lifesaver. This icon is a “short-cut” to access the basic features of SOS-Guardian, SOS-KidProof Lite, SOS Best Defense and SOS Pro such as Internet filtering utility. You can access this menu by “right-clicking” on the icon
XFind FastFindfast.exeComplete utter waste of space! Part of MS Office - searches disk drives for Office file types to make opening them easier
YFind Virus Launch Program fvlaunch.exePart of Dr. Solomon's Antivirus
NFinePrint Dispatcher vx FPDISPxA.EXEFinePrint - virtual printer for use with any printer. Search for "dispatcher" here for more information. If removed, it will re-install when program is run - hence the Y recommendation
YFix-itmxtask.exePart of Ontrack's Fix-it Utilities Suite. Loads a System Tray icon that lets you access the full program. Needed if you run the crash guard, intellicluster, anti-virus, or autoupdater. Otherwise not required
YFix-it AVmemcheck.exePart of Ontrack's Fix-it Utilities Suite anti-virus. Performs a quick check of memory for signs of any virus. Exits afterward and returns all resources used in one user's experience. Not required but could be left without a drain on resources
?FLASH32 -flash32.exe??
N FlashPath Status
or
FlashPath Monitor
SDSTAT.EXE
FLSHSTAT.EXE
System Tray icon that you can't get rid of - and does not need to run!. Tells you the battery status in the floppy disk adapter for the smartmedia cards. Available via Start -> Programs
UFlexicdFlexicd.exeCD player - part of the Win95 Power Toys
XFLooDNeTFLooDeR.exeAdded as a result of the FLOODNET VIRUS!
YFltProcessmsinet.exePart of Cyber Patrol internet filtering software to restrict access to certain types of material on the internet. It can be disabled but do not ask how it's done
XFlyswatDesktopflydesk.exeAdvertising spyware
UFmctrlTrayFmctrl.EXEGenius SM-Live Control Panel. Enhances audio output through Genius sound cards (makes a big difference and worth the 3MB Ram used)
?FocusFocus.exeISDN configuration wizard?
XFolder Service wssdtu.exeAdded as a result of the MANIFEST VIRUS!
NFolding@homeWINFAH.EXEFolding@Home is a distributed computing project which studies protein folding, misfolding, aggregation, and related diseases - must be running in order to access the internet to upload to the servers. Available via Start -> Programs
NFontFixfontfix.exeNot required but what is it?
Xfoobin lptt01 adaware.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "foo1" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
YFoolProoffpwinldr.exeFoolProof Security PC security software from SmartStuff
YFoolProofSweep??Part of FoolProof Security PC security software from SmartStuff
NForbesForbesAlerts.exeForbes Business News Alerts - displays business news headlines in a little window on the screen
XForceShowrundll32.exe QaBar.dll, ForceShowBarAdultLinks/QAbar parasite related
NForget Me Not AGRemind.exeCalendar reminder part of American Greetings® CreataCard®
NFotoStation Easy AutoLaunch FotoStation Easy AutoLaunch.exeInstalled with a Nikon digital camera. Used to collect photos uploaded from camera program NkVwMon.exe. If your camera is not connected (via USB port) you do not need this program loaded either
UFourthDayFourthDay.exeThe Fourth Day - "astronomical clock and almanac for your system tray"
YFP Loaderloadfp.exeFoolProof Security - PC security software from SmartStuff
?FPWGMWZD FPWGMWZD.exe??
N Fpxmnmsrvc.exeRemote Desktop Sharing service part of Microsoft's Netmeeting allowing users to share items on their screens across remote locations
YFreedomFreedom.exeZero Knowledge Freedom - Anti-Virus, Personal Firewall and Parental Control, it also blocks ads, safeguards your personal information, encrypts your passwords, and much more
?Free Downloads Monitor fdcmon.exe??
U FreeMem ProFMEMPRO.EXESome users swear by memory management utilities such as FreeMem Pro but others say you don't need them - especially if you have Win98 or WinME. See this article and make up your own mind
UFreeMemVn2FreeMem.exeSome users swear by memory management utilities such as FreeMem but others say you don't need them - especially if you have Win98 or WinME. See this article and make up your own mind
UFreeRAM XPFreeRAM XP Pro x.exeSome users swear by memory management utilities such as FreeRAM XP Pro but others say you don't need them - especially if you have Win98 or WinME. See this article and make up your own mind. "x" indicates the version number
Ufreesurferfs20.exeEMS Free Surfer mk II - pop-up stopper
?frgukshdrkmck.exe??
NFriendlyWebQuick-Launch SELFCERT.EXEselfcert.exe is a stand alone program for creating your own digital certificates for macros - the .exe is installed as an extra basically by clicking on MS Office in add/remove programs and selecting remove - also I would do away with the FriendlyWebQuickLaunchBar as well
UFRISK FP-Scheduler F-Sched.exeScheduler for F-Prot anitvirus software. Leave enabled unless you scan manually on a regular basis
YFRW_EXEFRW.EXEConSeal Signal9 firewall - now McAfee Personal firewall
Yfrxmxinsfrxmxins.exeATI 3D Studio MAX/VIZ driver
?FSDPSRV FSDPSRV.exe??
U F-Secure Management AgentFSMA32.EXEF-Secure Antivirus - F-Secure Policy Manager provides tools for administering F-Secure software products
YF-Secure Manager FSM32.EXEF-Secure Antivirus - carry out scheduled virus scans automatically
?fsg_4104.exe fsg_4104.exe??
U fspfsp.exeFolder Shield - hide entire directories and thus prevent access by anyone else to your personal files and documents
YfsprFolderShield.exeFolder Shield - hide personal files and folders
NFSScrCtlFSScrCtl.exeScreen saver control applet used by the "Stardust Screen Saver Toolkit" and "SolidWorks Screen Saver"
Ufsservfserv.exeFarsighter Server - monitors a remote computer invisibly by streaming video to a viewer on your computer. You will know exactly what is happening on the remote computer as you see it in real-time
YF-StopWF-StopW.exeF-Prot anti-virus background scanner by F-Risk Software
XFSWFSW.exeFreeScratchAndWin parasite
UFtpqueueFtpsched.exePart of WS_FTP Pro from Ipswitch. Queueing facility for scheduling FTP transfers
Yfwenc.exefwenc.exeCheck Point SecuRemote VPN client - "dynamic and fixed IP addressing for all ISP services - dial-up, cable modem, or DSL - the ideal solution for telecommuters and mobile workers"
Nfwrastrcfwrastrc.exeDial-up software for Friendly Technologies/1NationOnLine free ISP
Ufxredirfxredir.exeCanon MultiPASS fax redirector

Top of Page

G

  Name/Startup ItemCommand Comments
?g3dctlg3dctl.exe??
NGadwin PrintScreen PrintScreen.exeGadwin PrintScreen - utility to capture, print or save the current window
UGainwardTBPanel.exeConfiguration utility for Gainward graphics cards. Not required unless you use non-default settings. Available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
NGameSpotkontiki.exeKontiki Delivery Manager - Windows-based client software that enables secure delivery of content to users' desktops
UGammaHotKeyssetgamma.exePart of the RadeonTweaker program for adjusting ATI Radeon graphics cards. Allows you to adjust the gamma (or brightness) when playing a full-screen game without switching back to the desktop
XGatorgator.exeSpyware - see here for removal instructions
XGator eWallet gator.exeGator eWallet from The Gator Corporation. Spyware - see here for removal instructions
UGazelDisplaygsyno.exeBT Digital Access USB - Gazel ISDN installation System Tray icon
UGBTrayGBTray.exeSystem Tray icon access to GoBack (below)
?GCC Reminder gccrem.exeAssociated with AcraMax Greeting Card Creator. Is it a registration reminder?
NGDriveGDriver.exeFound on IBM systems. All it does is set the CDROM drive letter to G:. Set your drive letter manually via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> System -> Device Manager
NGearboxconfsvr.exeNTL's Gearbox software for configuring internet connections with their NTLWorld software - does a similar job to the Internet Connection Wizard which can be used instead using the dial-up details available here
XGEDZACGEDZAC.exeAdded as a result of the GEMEL VIRUS!
NGemStRmWGemStRmW.exeFor a GemPlus smart card reader. If it doesn't start automatically when you insert the smart card, start it manually
Xgeneral lptt01 general.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "General" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
YGenie USB Monitor USBmonitor.exePort monitor for an external USB hard drive. Required to enable access to the drive
NGetRight Tray Icon GETRIGHT.EXEGetRight from Headlight Software - download manager for resuming downloads and choosing multiple download locations. The freeware version is/was spyware. The registered version isn't if you don't install the Aureate/Radiate software. Available via Start -> Programs
NGet Smilegetsmile.exePuts smilie faces in your E-mail. Run manually when required
NGhostStartService GhostStartService.exeRequired to run the Windows based wizard in Norton Ghost - added from the 2003 version. Will start automatically when you run the wizard
NGhostStartTrayApp GhostStartTrayApp.exeSystem Tray access to Norton Ghost - added from the 2003 version
YGilatFTCftc.exeFor Gilat Communications internet satellite systems - associated with SkyBlaster modem. Required if you have this system
YGilat SOM Enumerator dllhost.exeFor Gilat Communications internet satellite systems - associated with SkyBlaster modem. Required if you have this system
?GisdnLog gisdnlog.exeBT Digital Access USB
YGlideGlidew32.exeCirque touchpad driver
XGLSetITMSIEXEC.EXEAdded as a result of the OPTIX PRO 1.32 VIRUS!
YGmouseGmouse.exeAmouse mouse driver - required if you use non-standard Windows driver features
UGnetmousgnetmous.exeGenius NetScroll+ mouse driver - required if you use non-standard Windows driver features
?gnubgnub.exe??
UGoBackGBMenu.exeRoxio's (nee Adaptec) GoBack software which allows you to revert back to a previously working state on you hard drive if you install a new program and your system goes faulty - performing the same functions with extra features as System Restore on WinMe/XP systems. Disable before running Scandisk or Defrag. Not required for WinMe/XP users, recommended for Win9x/NT/2K users
UGoBack Polling Service GBPoll.exeRoxio's (nee Adaptec) GoBack software which allows you to revert back to a previously working state on you hard drive if you install a new program and your system goes faulty - performing the same functions with extra features as System Restore on WinMe/XP systems. Disable before running Scandisk or Defrag. Not required for WinMe/XP users, recommended for Win9x/NT/2K users
UGoBack Tray Icon GBTray.exeSystem Tray icon access to GoBack (above)
UGoldensoft_MndlSvrMndlSvr.exeGoldensoft CD Ghost related - turns a computer into a 200X-speed CD-ROM tower. Working from the hard drive, users can simultaneously access as many as 23 virtual CD-ROM drives at a speed of 200X for true multitasking
NGoogleDCClientGoogleDCC.exeGoogle Compute Client - only present if you installed the Google Toolbar with "Google Compute" client active. Does complex calculations in the background when idle. If you want to turn it off go to your browser, click on the little double-helix on the Google Toolbar, and click "Stop Computing"
UGoToMyPCg2svc.exeExpertCity GoToMyPc logon - web-based remote-access solution that allows individuals and companies to register their computers online and then securely access those computers from any web browser
XGo!Zillagozilla.exeA variant for the Go!Zilla download manager, see above
XGo!Zilla Monster Downloads Go.exeDownload manager for resuming downloads and choosing multiple download locations. Advertising spyware
NGRAgra.exeLooks at system resources at startup and warns you if they have dropped. Contains links to the Disk Clean Up, Defrag and Start Up Menu. It does have a link to a startup configuration utility. Similar to msconfig but can keep a list of disabled apps. Not really necessary. Only appears if you load the Gateway Startup Utility
UGravis Appawareloader dbserver.exeLooks like it's associated with Gravis game controllers and the Keyset Manager, allowing the user to program the buttons for games that don't support them
?Gravis Xperience Driver Support Grxp4exe.exeAssociated with the drivers for Gravis game controllers. What does it do and is it required?
?GrdSys32 GrdSys32.exeX-Stream ISP software. Offers free Net access funded by on-screen ads. Is it required or can you create your own dial-up networking connection to use on demand?
NGreetings Workshop GWREMIND.EXEYou really want to be reminded about somebody's birthday at the expense of resources?
Xgremierwscript.exe gpremier.vbsAdded as a result of the GPREMIER VIRUS!
NGrpConvgrpconv.exeTo facilitate the upgrade from Windows 3.1 to Win95/98, an executable file named GRPCONV.EXE is included with Win95/98. This file provides the translation of groups and group items to folders and links unless you need to access Win 3.1 Group files 
?GscbcGscbc.exe??
Xgshpzzgshp.vbsHomepage hi-jacker
NGsiconexeGsicon.exeADSL modem monitor from Eicon Networks (as used by BT for its Broadband internet service for example). Can safely be disabled without affecting the connection - all this does is give an indication of connectivity and access to the diagnostic facilities
NGSOrganizerGSOrganizer.exeGoldenSection Organizer - personal information manager
XGStartup GMT.exeGator spyware variant. See Gator
NGtwatchgtwatch.exeAssociated with a Mustec scanner and not required
NGuardianCMGrdian.exeMcAfee's QuickClean, an offline version of the one in their online Clinic. Normally run offline and not needed. Incidentally, incorporates more cleanup programs than the likes of WinOptimizer and System Mechanic
XGustavVED<filename.exe>Added as a result of the OPASERV.H VIRUS!
Xgvagfxjrundll32 ...gvagfxj.dllUnidentified adware, spyware or virus
NGWMDMMSGGWMDMMSG.exeUsed with internal modems on Gateway and vprMatrix PCs. This is the "GTW modem messaging applet" and is not required for the modem to work correctly
UGWMDMpiGWMDMpi.exeUsed with internal modems on Gateway PCs such as the 450SX Notebook. Required for audio settings to be maintained and does not remain in memory once run. See here for more information
Ygw port controller PORTCT95.EXEFrom a visitor - "I must keep it active in start up or my Lexmark printer and RCA Cam program cannot discover a working port to work". From the file properties, the file is known as "Smart Thru Fax Drive Spy" and is supplied by Samsung
Ugwumgwum.exeGigabyte utility manager. Loads if you have a Gigabyte motherboard and got a full bundle of utilities installed. Monitors CPU, fans, BIOS etc. Only used by system "tweakers"
?gyygyy.exePossibly Gator (and therefore spyware) related?

Top of Page

H

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
NHalifaxHowardCluster skinkers.exeHoward the Weatherman desktop client from Halifax by Skinkers - marketing/messaging tool
UHaMFrontPanelhampanel.exeDisplays a panel simulating modem lights for the Intel HaM internal modem. The lights are useful as a reminder to disconnect from the net if you are likely to forget, but otherwise pointless
UHandy Backup 3.9 hbagent.exeHandy Backup - automatic backup of your critical data to virtually any type of storage media including CD-RW devices and remote FTP servers
UHardware Sensors Monitor hmonitor.exeUtility to monitor fan speed and temperatures - similar to Motherboard Monitor. Only required if you're concerned about your system temperature - typically for "overclocked" systems
UHarehare.exeHare - improve and optimize performance of desktop/laptop PCs
UHawkEyeHAWK_95.EXEControl Panel application for the old Number Nine graphics cards to change resolution, colour depth, etc. Available via Start -> Programs
UHawkEye IV Control Panel HAWK_32.EXEControl Panel application for the old Number Nine graphics cards to change resolution, colour depth, etc. Available via Start -> Programs
XHbinstHbinst.exeHotbar enhances the surfing experience offering a variety of innovative and fresh skins to the browser while providing users worldwide with access to various services of added value and fun. Also regarded as adware/spyware due to it's adds and browsing habits information gathering - see here
NHCDetectHCDetect.exeMS HomeClick Network - simple home network setup and configuration program included with 3Com HomeConnect home networking products. Runs in the background for network printer notification, detection, and Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) taskbar icon. Not required - network can be set-up manually, also has a known memory leak problem
UHcontrolhcontrol.exeHotkeys on an ASUS Notebook. Only required if you use the additional keys
NHC Reminderhc.exeFor Compaq PC's. Help Compiler, crunches help database, will run without being in startup when needed
?HDhelptbhdhelp.exeAssociated with Philips Edge series soundcards. Is it required?
NHDtrayHDtray.exePhilips Edge Series Control Panel Tray Utility - system tray icon for a Philips Edge series soundcards. Available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
Xhellodollyshost.exeAdded as a result of the YODO VIRUS!
?Helphelpext.exe??
Xhelpctl.exehelpctl.exeAdded as a result of the GASLIDE VIRUS!
XHelpExp.exeHelpExp.exeAttune HelpExpress. Disable - see here
Xhelpmanagerspoler.exeAdded as a result of the RANDEX.J VIRUS!
UHermes Messenger DGDRHE~1.EXEA LAN messenger alternative to WinPopUp - Digital Dreams Software
NHewlett Packard Recorder Remind32.exeHP multifunction registration
U HfHf.exeHide Folders - hide your folders so only you can view them
Uhfxphfxp.exeHide Folders XP - Win2K/XP version of the above
NHGTXPEIFirstReboot.exeHerucles Audio tool for the Hercules Game Theater XP soundcard. Available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
?HiberMonitor HCount.exe??
U Hibernationhib32.exeReduces the power consumption when the laptop isn't being used to preserve battery power. Similar programs on other laptops reduce the processor clock rate, etc. Required if you run of battery regularly
XHid.exehid.exeAdded as a result of the RATSOU.B VIRUS!
XHideRun.exeHiderun.exe and svhost.exe and pro.gifAdded as a result of the BOOHOO VIRUS!
Uhidservhidserv.exeThis is the Human Interface Device Server for Win98SE/2000/Me/XP, it is required only if you are using USB Audio Devices you can disable via Msconfig. See here. Typical examples are USB multimedia keyboards with volume control and web-ready keyboards. For example - loaded by default with MS DSS80 Speakers because they have Volume, Mute and Bass controls on the speaker. Some users may experience problems disabling this - if this is the case then re-enable it. Equivalent to MMHid in Win98. On HP Computers, HIDSERV is the controller for the keyboard sound controls on the USB and PS/2 keyboards
NHistoryKillhistkill.exeHistoryKill removes your web surfing path by removing the URL drop-list history, detailed history file, cache, and cookies in both IE and Netscape Navigator browsers. Available via Start -> Programs
Uhkcmdhkcmd.exeInstalled by the Intel 810 and 815 chipset graphic drivers. If you want the Ctrl+Alt+F12 or similar keypresses to access Intel's customised graphics properties, you need it, otherwise not. Can be disabled via the Display Properties in Control Panel
UhkservHKserv.exeKeyboard manager program required to use programmable power and function keys on some laptops such as the Sony PCG R505TS
Uhksshkss.exeCompaq HotKey Support - multimedia keyboard support
UHmonitorHmonitor.exeHardware sensor monitoring program. Only required if you overclock your system and want to check on the status
NHoliday Lights Holiday Lights.exeHoliday Lights from Tiger Technologies. Festive desktop enhancement that adds lights. Available via Start -> Programs
UHomeAlarmHomeAlarm.exeChameleon Clock - system tray clock replacement
?HomeCentre WakeUp LGWAKEUP.EXEAssociated with the no longer supported Xerox HomeCentre printer/scanner
?Honorhonor.exe??
UHook99startuphk2re.exe"Hook99 enables the user to customize the start button. You can change or remove the text and replace the Windows flag on button with icon of your choice. Supports Windows icons, bitmaps and can extract icons from executables and libraries. Hook99 can also make the background of desktop icons captions transparent"
UHookSysHookSys.exeSurfinGuard Pro - protects against all malicious code delivered through executables, scripting files, ActiveX and Java
XHotbarHbinst.exeHotbar enhances the surfing experience offering a variety of innovative and fresh skins to the browser while providing users worldwide with access to various services of added value and fun. Also regarded as adware/spyware due to it's adds and browsing habits information gathering - see here
UHot CornersHotc.exeHot Corners - "lets you quickly activate or disable your screen saver by moving the mouse into a given corner of the screen"
UHotIDEhotide.exeHotIDE allows Acer TravelMate owners to hot-swap external drives without switching of their notebooks
UHotkeyAppHotkeyApp.exePart of Acer Launch Manager - programmable keys on such laptops as the TravelMate 610
UHot Key Keybd 9910 Daemon SK9910DM.exeFor programmable keys on a multi-function keyboard - such as provided by Gateway - for volume, one-button net connection. Required if you use the extra keys
UHotKeysCmdshkcmd.exeInstalled by the Intel 810 and 815 chipset graphic drivers. If you want the Ctrl+Alt+F12 or similar keypresses to access Intel's customised graphics properties, you need it, otherwise not. Can be disabled via Control Panel -> Display Properties
?Hot Party 22 hotpart22.exe??
N HotSync Managerhotsync.exeInstalled when connecting a Palm HotSync cradle up to a USB port. The Blue and Red Arrow Icon that enables Palm / Handspring Synchronizing.  Available via Start -> Programs
Xhotwetlovehotwetlove.exeAdult content dialler. Will not uninstall - components have to be manually deleted
UHoverDeskHoverDesk.exeHoverDesk - desktop replacement software
?hp 1000 firmware fwdl.exeHP LaserJet 1000 related. Is it a driver or automatic firmware update (based upon the filename)?
Nhpaiodevicehpodev07.exeDirect from HP - "Device Objects Server - detects all device events and handles all ongoing communication on the device. Loads in the Startup group (except when "portable" is chosen during installation)". Related to various HP all-in-one printer/scanner/copier devices. They print and copy fine with those files disabled, and the icon installed on the desktop that points to "hpodir07.exe" works just fine if you need to use the scanner
NHPAiODevice(hp psc 900 series) -1 hpobrt07.exeInstalled with a Hewlett Packard 900 series colour printer, scanner, fax, photo card slot printer, copier. Assumed to perform an identical function to hpaiodevice above
NHP-Aio Flight Remind32.exeHP multifunction registration
N HPAIO_PrintFolderMgrhpoopm07.exeDirectly from HP: "This process has one purpose - detects if the device moves to a different port, and notifies other processes to look on the new port." For various HP all-in-one printer/scanner/copier devices. They print and copy fine with those files disabled, and the HP icon installed on the desktop that points to "hpodir07.exe" works just fine if you need to use the scanner
?HP AutoIndexer hppautoindexer.exe??
UH/PC Connection AgentWCESCOMM.EXEActive sync for use with Windows CE based palm PC
NHP CD-DVD
or
HP CD Writer
hpcdtray.exeSystem Tray access to a HP CD-Writer's functions. Available via Start -> Programs
Xhp centerBACKWEB-137903.exeBased upon HP's own description from here - "With the My HP Center, consumers have access directly from the desktop to Internet sites featuring special offers for HP customers ranging from personal finance and shopping to digital imaging and music" I have classified this as adware. The number may change - if yours is different let me know
Xhp center UI ShadowBar.exeUser Interface for HP Center
U HPDJ Taskbar Utilityhpztsbol.exe
hpztsd02.exe
hpztsb04.exe
hpztsb05.exe
(1) Ghostscript device driver for printers understanding Hewlett-Packard's Printer Command Language - see here for more info
or
(2) Creates 1 or all 3 icons on taskbar. The 1st one has a yellow border around it warning that ink is low on the printer. The 2nd one is HP Device Detection Software and the 3rd one is about a card being inserted into the Hp printer 
NHP_dladlatray.exeOn HP PCs, tray icon for dla - which provides drive letter access to HP's and Veritas' version of DirectCD
Nhpfschedhpfsched.exeHPFSCHED is a small TSR that will remind you to clean the cartridges in your DeskJet from time to time in order to keep print quality high. It can be removed from the run line in win.ini if you do not want that feature
UHPGamesActiveMenu ActiveMenu.exeWild Tangent demo games that come with some HP computers. Unchecking it can prevent the games from running occasionally
Nhpgs2wndhpgs2wnd.exe"HP's exclusive Share-to-Web software makes it easy to share content with others through our affiliate Internet websites." Available via Start -> Programs
UHPHAxMONHPHAxMON.EXEMedia card reader for some HP series printers allowing them to read digital camera memory cards directly. Only needed if you use this 
feature and known to cause system crashes in some cases. "x" can be 1, 2 or 3 and depends upon driver version. Replaced by HPHmon04 (below) from version 4 onwards
NHPHmon03HPHMON03.EXEMonitors the status of a HP printer. If you turn off the printer while still using the computer, a yellow triangle with exclamation mark will replace the original icon on task bar
UHPHmon04hphmon04.exeMedia card reader for some HP series printers allowing them to read digital camera memory cards directly. Only needed if you use this feature
XHphomehphome.jsHomepage hijacker
NHPHUPD04hphupd04.exeHP Photosmart software update checker and wizard launcher. Available via Start -> Programs
?HP IDScheduler HPIDSCHD.exeHP Instant Delivery Scheduler
NHP Info Express ??On HP PCs, allows the computer to automatically receive notifications from HP over the Internet. Associated with BackWeb
NHP Internet Center SURFBRD.EXELoads the HP Internet center surfboard on startup. HP Internet Center allows you to customize the multimedia keys on the fly without having to go the Control Panel --> Keyboards to change them
NHP JetSpeed Autostart AUTOSTART.EXEAutostart executable for the old multiplayer game HP Jetspeed
NHP JetDiscovery HPJETDSC.EXEHP JetAdmin software which monitors printing jobs on a network environment
?hpjsiroute hpjsira.exeRelated to HP laserjet printers and IP addresses. An IP address is appended to the name field - ie "hpjsiroute192.168.1.2"
YHpLampHPLAMP.EXEHP Scanner Utility that controls your scanner’s light bulb. Needed if it's switched on. Also refer here for troubleshooting
UHPLogiFinderhp_finder.exeHP LogiFinder helps detect and allows the use of the centre button for the Logitech mouse. Can be disabled if not used
?HP Network Registry Agent hpnra.exe??
N hpodbliahpodblia.exeHP OfficeJet Scan Button Monitor on a multi-function printer/copier/scanner. Start your scanning software manually
?hpoddt01.exe N/A??
N hpodlb08hpodlb08.exeHP OfficeJet Scan Button Monitor on a multi-function printer/copier/scanner. Start your scanning software manually
?HP OfficeJet Series 700 Startup HPOSTR03.EXE??
N HP Parallel Port Testhppt.exeAssociated with a HP ScanJet scanner
?HP Port Resolver hpbpro.exe??
Y hppptaHPPPTA.exeHP parallel port driver for certain hardware
NHP Precision Scan hpmdlbwx.exeSame as HP ScanPicture below
NHP Presentation Ready PresRdy.exeHP Omnibook related:  "Press a dedicated button above the keyboard and the system will instantly load your presentation software and change the screen resolution to match your display device"
NHPPROPTYHPPROPTY.EXEHP LaserJet Toolbox
Uhp psc 2000 Series hpobnz08.exeSystem Tray icon indicating when the printer is ready. Can be started manually with HP Director but takes time to start
UHPPWRSAVHPPWRSAV.EXEPower save related for HP Scanners. Many users have complained of system freezes with it running but it stops the light from remaining on all the time. Try www.hp.com, pick your OS option under the SUPPORT tab, follow the instructions and you will find an updated lamp control patch
?hpqcmon hpqcmon.exeFrom HP and related to digital imaging
UHP RecordNow??From HP "Software for the CD writer. Do not prevent from starting unless the CD writer is never going to be used."
NHP ScanPicture hpsplmwa.exeHP multifunction scanner software. Available from HP Office Jet R Toolbox so not required
UHPSCANMonitorhpsjvxd.exeHP scanning software that enables you to scan images from your scanner. Needed if you're using the scanner
?hpScannerFirstBoot scannerfb.exeHP scanner related
UHP ScanPatchHPScanFix.exeProgram that starts up and automatically fixes earlier versions of the Scanjet 5100c software. If a Scanjet 5100C scanner is not going to be used, then it is safe to remove or prevent from starting
?HP SchedIndexer hppschedindexer.exeHP laserjet related
Nhpsjbmgrhpsjbmgr.exeHP ScanJet Button Manager. It allows users of the HPScanJet scanners to indicate what the buttons on the scanner will do automatically if pushed. Not required at startup, unless the scanner is used every day, such as in a business environment
NHPStarthpstart.wsfThis a script used by HP that runs the first time one of their computers is started. Can't imagine why it would be starting up after the first boot
?HP Status Server hpboid.exe??
U hpsysdrvhpsysdrv.exeThis item keeps track of how many times the system has been recovered and the times of the first and last recoveries done on the system. Leaving unchecked will sometimes prevent the Keyboard Manager program from detecting that the computer is an HP. Since this program/driver was only made to run on HP, if it can't tell that it is an HP it will not run. If unchecked, it can prevent the running of the Application Recovery CDs, the use of the multimedia keys, and the HP Instant Support. Also seen that without it running, the Riptide Sound card that was installed on some older HP computers stops working
?hp Silent Service HpSrvUI.exeHP related
NHP Simple TraxHpcron.exeSupplied with HP CD-RW drives - stores information about CD contents on your hard drive. Available via Start -> Programs or Desktop Icon
NHPUProvenTactics.exeProven Internet Marketing software
NHP Updates??On HP PCs, allows the computer to automatically receive notifications from HP over the Internet. Associated with BackWeb
NHPZTS04hpzts04.exeHewlett Packard printer toolbox shortcut that resides in the system tray
YHREF.OCXregsvr32.exe ....\HREF.OCXHREF.OCX is an ActiveX control developed by xFX JumpStart and used to provide HTML-alike clickable links on Windows-based programs such as PopUpKiller
UHtinpdor.exeAppears in startup if you have chosen to participate in on survey by NPD Online Research. Required for the survey to work correctly. 
Otherwise not required
UHTpatchhtpatch.exeHTpatch.exe is part of the SiS AGP patch - BUT unless your processor (and motherboard) supports HyperThreading (HT) and this feature is enabled it will actually SLOW your graphics card by around 6%
XhuigeziHgzServer.exeAdded as a result of the GRAYBIRD.C VIRUS!
XHWINFO*HWINFO*Added as a result of the PUROL VIRUS! where * is a random character
YHWinstN/AFor Gilat Communications internet satellite systems. Gilat rescue (Satellite system restore). Required if you have this system. Can cause a BSOD (blue screen of death) if left out
XHXDL.EXE
or
HXIUL.EXE
HXDL.EXE
or
HXIUL.EXE
Believed to be spyware - made by a company called Alset. Also known as "HelpExpress". Will install itself if you have previously had Attune by Aveo installed as they're by the same company. Uninstall via Add/Remove programs
UHydraVisionDesktopManager desk98.exeATI/Appian HydraVision Desktop Manager software - monitors and regulates window and dialog box placement according to user preferences when using a multi monitor setup
UHydraVisionViewport viewport.exeATI/Appian HydraVision Desktop Manager software - monitors and regulates window and dialog box placement according to user preferences when using a multi monitor setup

Top of Page

I

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
XI386I386.exeAdded as a result of the MYPOWER VIRUS!
?I81SHELL I81SHELL.exeAppears to be related to drivers for an Intel 810 graphics chipset on an ASUS motherboard
Ui8kfanguii8kfangui.exeGraphical interface for fan speed control
Yiamappiamapp.exeAtGuard personal firewall engine. As Atguard was bought by Symantec some time ago, it's now the Norton Personal Firewall executable as well
?Iapiap.exePossibly part of Dell OpenManage Client Instrumentation - software that allows remote management application programs to access information about, monitor the status of or change the state of the client computer, such as shutting it down remotely?
Nibmmessagesibmmessages.exeAllows IBM to push messages onto users' computers. Quote: "The Access IBM Message Center can display messages to inform you about software and solutions available from IBM as well as messages from IBM eSupport"
?Ibmmon.exe Ibmmon.exe??
U Ibmpmsvcibmpmsvc.exePower management driver for IBM laptops. Provides support for the use of four keys on the thinkpad keyboard with blue key tops - Fn, F3, F4 & F12 - which have specific functions to control the standby and hibernate buttons. Not required if you don't plan to go into standy or hibernate modes
?IBMUltraBayHotSwapSound IBMBAYSN.EXESupports hot swapping in Thinkpad UltraBay Option on IBM ThinkPad laptops. Is it needed though - does it just play a sound? Related to the item below
UIBMUltraBayHotSwapCPLLoader IBMBAY2N.EXESupports hot swapping in Thinkpad UltraBay Option on IBM ThinkPad laptops
NICH Syntheusexe.exeSound related and can be disabled without affecting performance although advanced sound features may be sacrificed. May be related to Compaq PC's with "SoundMAX integrated Digital Audio" (Analog Devices Inc.) devices
NIC_KEY_3spvic.exeInstant Chess related
UiCleaniClean.exeIEClean - "advanced, comprehensive package of tools which perform a number of functions to allow you to control your online privacy"
NiCnNAG.EXEiChoose - shopping browser enhancement that alerts you to cheaper deals for goods you want to buy, if they exist
NICOICO.EXEFound on a Sony Vaio laptop and seems to be related to Mouse Suite 98 Daemon according to the properties. Appears to cause a behaviour where the desktop suddenly flips back up when playing DirectX associated games
NIcon Animation HDE.EXEPart of McAfee Nuts & Bolts. Provides entertaining animation of your desktop icons
YICONCLNTiconclnt.exeAPC PowerChute Tray Icon. Associated with the UPS listing
UICONDESKICONDESK.EXESmall utility which will allow you the option of hiding or showing your desktop icons
NIconfig.exeIconfig.exeIcon for LS-120 "Superdisk"
NIcon Hearit 95 hearit95.exeAudio desktop customization utility from Moon Valley Software. Resource hog
NIcon Hearit 98 hearit98.exeAudio desktop customization utility from Moon Valley Software. Resource hog
XIcon lptt01icon.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite. It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here
NIconoidIconoid.exeIconoid is a desktop icon manager
NIconsaverIconsaver.exeIconSaver is a desktop icon manager
XICQ Hacking Pro ICQpro.exeAdded as a result of a version of the NETSPY VIRUS!
NICQ LiteICQLite.exeICQ Lite - compact version of the popular messaging program
NICQ Plusvplus.exeICQ Plus is a freeware utility makes your ICQ skinnable (change the look). Available via Start -> Programs
UICSDCLTrundll32.exe Icsdclt.dll, ICSClientInternet Connection Sharing allows more than one computer to simultaneously access the internet with a single connection. Also required when networking two machines
NICServerIcserver.exeIntel Intercast viewer software. Gives access to selected internet pages which are broadcasted by several TV stations
YICSMGRICSMGR.EXEMonitors DNS and DHCP requests for ICS (Internet Connection Sharing). Needed if you’re sharing the internet on various computers
XID8525ID8525.exe
id85255.exe
ID8525 VIRUS and homepage hijacker!
NID CommanderIDCom.exeCaller ID utility for identifying incoming telephone numbers
XIDEide.exeAdded as a result of the ASSASIN.F VIRUS!
?IDEDMAcfgdmaof.exe??
XIDE LoaderIDElibr32.exeAdded as a result of the XILON VIRUS!. Related to the game "Diablo II"
UiDesktopidesktop.exeImmersion TouchWare Desktop software for devices such as the Logitech iFeel Mouse
NIDManIDMan.exeInternet Download Manager - download files faster, schedule and resume
NIDW Logging Tool idwlog.exeAdded with WinXP SP1. Usually only found in internal builds only to indicate the current build being used. Can cause slow network logon problems
UIECleanAuxIeboot6.exeIEClean by Kevin McAleavy - cookie manager, cache cleaner, history cleaner, etc. Performs cleaning tasks at startup
Xiedlliedll.exeHomepage hijacker, redirecting to coolwwwsearch.com
XIEDriverIEDriver.exeInstalled as part of adware (Cydoor) based peer-to-peer file sharing software called URLBlaze
XIELoader32iexplore32.exeAdded as a result of the SPEX VIRUS!
Nietsrietsr.exeIEClean by Kevin McAleavy - cookie manager, cache cleaner, history cleaner, etc
XIexploreiexplore.exeAdded as a result of the BOXER VIRUS!
Xiexplorer lptt01 iexplorer.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "iexplorer" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here. Note! - this is not the valid Windows Explorer which has the same executable name
XIexplore Services iexplore.exeAdded as a result of an unidentified VIRUS!. This iexplore.exe file is located eleswhere rather than in the default Program Files\Internet Explorer folder
UIFSplash.exeIFSplash.exeI-FORCE driver for force feedback steering wheel
Nigfxtrayigfxtray.exeQuick access to the control panel via a System Tray icon for graphics based upon the Intel chipsets (ie, i810). These chipsets are often included on motherboards. Available via Start -> Settings -> Control Panel
XiilcIILC.EXEHomepage hijacker
NiIWiperSystemwiper.exeSystem Wiper from iI Software - allows you to clear the history of your activites from you computer. Run manually on a regular basis
YIJ75P2PSERVERIJ75P2PS.EXEPrinter utility which is required in order to make the printer work correctly
?IKE Service 95 IKEService.exeAssociated with PGP
UiKeyWorksIKEYMAIN.EXEA4Tech wireless keyboard driver and utility
XiLLeGaL
or
iLLeGaL.exe
Mplayer.exeAdded as a result of the HOLAR.C (or GALIL@MM) VIRUS! Note - this should not be comfused with Windows Media Player which has the same filename
?ILO_Office_Manager IntEdReg.exe /OFFMANIntense Educational Ltd - Language Office Software. Is it required?
UImagefoximagefox.exeImageFox 2.0 is an "add-on" graphics previewer for most Windows Open/Save As dialog boxes
YImage & Restore IMAGE32.exePart of McAfee Nuts & Bolts. Image/Restore can recover from drives that have been accidentally formatted or completely erased, if Image was recently run
Nimekrigimekrig.exePart of MS Input Method Editor which is used to ease the input of Asian characters in MS Office (Chinese, Japanese and this one is Korean)
NImesh??Imesh is a file sharing system
NImesh Auto Update ??Update check for above. Turn the update off under "options"
NImgIconImgIcon.exeUsed by Iomega drives. Details of its purpose can be found here. Available via Start -> Programs
NImgStartImgStart.exeUsed by Iomega drives. Details of its purpose can be found here. Available via Start -> Programs
Nimjpmig
or
Imjpmig8.1
IMJPMIG.EXEPart of MS Input Method Editor which is used to ease the input of Asian characters in MS Office (Chinese, Korean and this one is Japanese)
?immcheck.exe immcheck.exeRelated to I-FORCE driver for force feedback steering wheel?
NImonitorPlguni.exeMcAfee QuickClean 3.0 - removes internet clutter and unwanted programs
NiM Start Center iM_Tray.exeInstalled with the Sound Blaster Audigy range of soundcards. A radio tuner installed if the user chooses during installation. Available via Start -> Programs -> iM Networks -> iM Radio Tuner
NInCDincd.exeAhead InCD packet writing software. Similar to DirectCD. On my system there isn't an entry, on another visitor's there is. Run manually before insert an appropriately formatted CD-RW disk
NInControl Desktop Manager DMHKEY.EXEFor Diamond Multimedia video cards. Allows System Tray access to desktop utilities such as screen resolution. Available via Start -> Programs
NIncredimailincredimail.exe"IncrediMail is an advanced, feature-rich email program that offers you an unprecedented interactive experience. Unique multimedia features will enable you to tailor your email experience so that it fits your mood and personality"
NIndexSearchIndexSearch.exeAssociated with PaperPort scanner software from ScanSoft
XInetapiNetapi.exeAdded as a result of the NETDEVIL.14 (NetDevil 1.4) VIRUS!
?inetcntrl inetcntrl.exe??
?InetConfinetconf.exe??
UInetdINETD32.EXEWindows Inet Daemon from Hummingbird Communications. "Hummingbird Inetd has the advanced ability to conserve PC resources by listening for connection requests and launching server daemons". Provides PCs with the full functionality of a UNIX workstation
XInet Delivery Intdel.exe
intdel_2.exe
Spyware
U inetinfo.exeinetinfo.exeExecutable used by MS Internet Information Server (IIS). If it's running, then so is IIS. Useful in knowing whether you require the patch for the Code Red worm. Comes with PWS (Personal Web Server) or NT4 and handles ASP-, PHP code (+ more)
XInetMSNmsnet.exeAdded as a result of a variant of the SDBOT VIRUS!
?Infoplay.exe Infoplay.exeWritten by New Media Properties, LLC and you're asked if you want to download and install it if you visit one of their search engine websites (which I chose not to). What does it do and is it needed?
UInfo Selectis.exeInfo Select from Micro Logic - personal information manager
UInfra-red Monitor IRMON.EXESystem Tray access to infra-red devices. Not required unless you use infra-red devices
Xinfwininfwin.exeMsview parasite variant
Xinfusinfus.exeAdult content dialler
UInfuzerInfuzer.exeInfuzer - "is a service that copies dates from the web or an email straight to your electronic calendar". Beware of the following adware trait - "Infuzer provides web site owners with a unique opportunity to communicate with their visitors in a way that is useful and relevant to them, as well as increasing return visits and brand awareness, and providing new e-commerce opportunities"
YInitialize8x88x8_init.exeTool that initializes a Pinnacle PCTV card - maybe in capture or in showing overlay
NInk MonitorInkMonitor.exeAssociated with Epson (and maybe other) printers. Tells you when the ink's running low and asks if you want to buy another cartridge on-line
NInkWatchInkWatch.exeAssociated with Canon (and maybe other) printers. Tells you when the ink's running low and asks if you want to buy another cartridge on-line
YInoRPCInoRpc.exeAssociated with eTrust Antivirus/InoculateIT
YInoRTInoRT9x.exeAssociated with the Realtime Monitor of eTrust Antivirus/InoculateIT version 6 virus scanners from Computer Associates. For NT/2K/XP users you may need a patch if seeing high CPU useage - see here
UInoTaskInoTask.exeScheduled scans and signature updates for eTrust Antivirus/InoculateIT version 6 virus scanners from Computer Associates. Leave enabled unless you manually update signatures or perform routine scans. If enabled it can result in high CPU useage when performing updates - see here
?insCOA5 insCOA5.exe??
N InstallAurealDemosInstallAurealDemos.jsUsed to initialize the Aureal A3D demos InstallShield wizard
UInstallBuddyIbtna.exeInstallBuddy - automatically translates and installs your desktop documents, such as Adobe PDF, HTML, Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint files, to your Palm organizer when you HotSync
?InstallNAIProduct SETUP.EXECould be related to Network Associates Inc who own the McAfee VirusScan product amongst others. This was found in a directory called "VSC". Could it be an installation that failed and "SETUP.EXE" was left to run at startup as an error?
?Install Pending Files sifxinst.exeUninstall program for Lanovation's Prism Deploy and Prism Pack adminstrators software deployement tools. For specific information see here. Is it required?
NInstantAccessINSTAN~1.EXEFrom TextBridge Pro 9.0 OCR scanner software. Available via Start -> Programs
NInstant Update Center reminder.exeFrom Broderbund's PrintMaster 10. It is an event reminder (for calendar dates, etc). Delete from the startup using Startup Manager program because it keeps re-checking itself when using MSCONFIG.  PrintMaster 11 uses filename PMremind.exe - it has to be unchecked in startup in the same manner
UInstant Wireless Configuration Utility WUSB11cfg.exeUtility used by the LINKSYS LINKSYS wireless USB Adapter (WUSB11) and indicates when a wireless access connection is made by a screen colour change. Also used for configuration
Xinstitinstit.batAdded as a result of the OPASERV.H VIRUS!
?InstUtlR.exe InstUtlR.exe??
U Intel Active Monitorimontray.exeMonitoring of fans, temperature, voltage, etc for Intel motherboards. Only needed if you "overclock"
UIntel File Transfer xfr.exePart of Intel's LANDesk Management Suite 6 and the Common Base Agent (CBA) - used for communicating between the core server and managed clients
UIntellitypetype32.exeFor MS programmable keyboards. If you disable Intellitype in Startup, any "Hot Keys" that are changed by the user to perform functions other than default settings, defer back to their default settings unless you have changed them
UIntel PDSpds.exeIntel Ping Discovery Service (PDS). Part of Intel's LANDesk Management Suite 6 and the Common Base Agent (CBA) - used for communicating between the core server and managed clients. Will start the dial-up if installed and enabled
UIntelProcNumUtility cpunumber.exeIntel Processor Serial Number Control Utility allows you to enable and disable the processor serial number capability of an Intel PIII processor. You can find more information here. System Tray icon providing the user with a visual state indication. You can find more information here
UIntel Product Number Utility IntelProcNumUtility.exeIntel Processor Serial Number Control Utility allows you to enable and disable the processor serial number capability of an Intel PIII processor. You can find more information here. System Tray icon providing the user with a visual state indication. You can find more information here
NIntel PROSet Tray Icon promon.exeSystem Tray icon for Intel PRO series ethernet adapters giving access to the diagnostic features
?Intense Registry Service IntEdReg.exe /CHECKIntense Educational Ltd - Language Office Software. Is it required?
YInterCheck Monitor Icmon.exePart of Sophos ant-virus sofware
XInterdllInterdll.exeAdded as a result of the DELF family of VIRUSES!
XInternal<trojan filename>Added as a result of the SMOTHER & TRANSLAT VIRUSSES!
XInternalSystray Kazza.exeAdded as a result of the OPTIXPRO.12.C VIRUS! Note - unlike the valid KaZaA executable, this is located in C:\Windows\System (Win9x/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (WinNT/2K), or 
C:\Windows\System32 (WinXP)
XInternat Conf bootconf.exeHomepage hijacker, redirecting to coolwwwsearch.com; see for example here
Ninternat.exe (1) internat.exeLanguage selection icon in system tray
XInternat.exe (2) internat.exeAdded as a result of the NETSNAKE VIRUS! Note - the real internat.exe resides in %windir%\system\ (where %windir% is the Windows directory - C:\Windows or C:\Winnt) and has a "?" icon wheras this version resides in %windir% and has a ZIP icon
XInternet.exeInternet.exeAdded as a result of the MAGICCALL VIRUS!
UInternet Answering Machine IAMNET~1.EXEFrom Callwave. It offers a free utility to monitor your incoming phonecalls if you only have a single telephone line for internet access
XInternet Config svchosts.exeAdded as a result of the SDBOT VIRUS!
XInternet Explorer iexplorer.exeAdded as a result of the LORSIS VIRUS! Note! - the valid Internet Explorer would not normally run at startup unless added manually by the user and would not run from the registry "RunServices" key as this does
UInternet History Eraser HERASER.exeInternet History Eraser - deletes your browsing tracks
XInternet Loader1 MSInstall61.exeAdded as a result of the KWBOT.B VIRUS!
UInternet Optimizer optimize.exeInternet connection optimizer. Leave this enabled if you find it improves your connection
YInternet Sharing Server iss_srvr.exeIntel AnyPoint internet sharing software
N Internet Sweeper Sweeper.exeInternet Sweeper - removes unnecessart left over files after browsing the internet
U Internet Timer ITIMER.exeShareware dial-up connection call cost calculator from Ratsoft
XInternetWasherPro iw.exeInternet Washer manages temporary browser files, cookies, etc - a 'trial' Internet Washer Pro seems to have been widely stealth-installed around March 2003
XinternctWinSocks5.exeAdded as a result of the GRAYBIRD.F VIRUS!
XInterntInternt.exeAdded as a result of the PEEPER VIRUS!
NInterTrust Quick Start it_cpq~1.exeInterTrust offers something known as Digital Rights Management to control legal software download and other E-commerce related business
XInterUWINDRV.EXEAdded as a result of the IRCINTER.A VIRUS!
NIntervideo Win Cinema Manager
or
Intervideo WinCinema Manager
WinCinemaMgr.exeWinCinema Manager is needed when using the WinDVD Remote Control for WinDVD from Intervideo. Available via Start -> Programs
NIntervideo WinScheduler WinScheduler.exeWinScheduler is installed with WinDVD Remote Control for WinDVD from Intervideo. If you want to schedule recordings from your TV tuner card, you will need it. Available via Start -> Programs
UInterWARNinterwarn.exeInterWARN by Storm Alert Inc. Provides customized, automated access to critical weather and civil emergency information from the US National Weather Service. Required if audio and screen crawler alerts are desired. Also available via Start -> Programs
XIntrenatIntrenat.exeAdded as a result of the LEMIR.E VIRUS!
NIntroducing Media Manager SPLASHA.EXEMS Media Manager tour. Not required
NIntroduction-Registration ??For Compaq PC's. Should only run first time, PC Introduction & Compaq registration
XIntruderAlertia99.exeIntruder Alert '99 from Bonzi - spyware
XIoadqmMedia Player.exeAdded as a result of the HAWAWI VIRUS!
Uiolo Task Agent Task_Agent.exeiOlo System Mechanic Task Agent. Scheduled maintenance
UIomega Automatic Backup
or
Iomega Automatic Backup 1.0.1
ibackup.exeIomega Automatic Backup - automatic backups for use with Iomega portable HDD 
NIomega Backup Scheduler dtiom98.exeUsed by Iomega drives. Details of its purpose can be found here. Available via Start -> Programs
NIomega Disk Icons
or
Iomega Drive Icons
IMGICON.EXEUsed by Iomega drives. Details of its purpose can be found here. Available via Start -> Programs
?Iomega QuickSync Quicksync.exe??
N Iomega Startup OptionsIMGSTART.EXEUsed by Iomega drives. Details of its purpose can be found here. Available via Start -> Programs
NIomegaWareCOMMANDER.EXEUsed by Iomega drives. Details of its purpose can be found here. Available via Start -> Programs
NIomega WatchIOWATCH.EXEUsed by Iomega drives. Available via Start -> Programs
UIomon98.exeIomon98.exePC-Cillin 98 real time virus check. Can cause floppy disk accesses to hang
NiPalmmon.exeInstalled with a Panasonic iPalm digital camera. Used to uploaded photos from the camera. If your camera is not connected (via USB port) you do not need this program loaded
XIPInSightLAN 01 ipclient.exeInstalled with Verizon DSL accounts. IP Insight is a Quality of Service monitor and diagnostic tool that isn't required - see here for more information. This one constantly "phones home" and wastes resource - hence the "X" status
NIPInSightMonitor 01ipmon32.exeInstalled with Verizon DSL accounts. IP Insight is a Quality of Service monitor and diagnostic tool that isn't required - see here for more information
YIPinstN/AFor Gilat Communications internet satellite systems. Gilat rescue (Satellite system restore). Required if you have this system. Can cause a BSOD (blue screen of death) if left out
Xipmon.exeipmon.exeAdded as a result of the RECERV VIRUS!
UiProtectYouip.exeiProtectYou - internet filtering/parental control and network monitoring software
YIPSecMonIPSecMon.exeMicrosoft L2TP/IPSec VPN Client for Win98/Me/NT. Secure technology for making remote access virtual private network (VPN) connections across public networks such as the Internet
?IPWIPW.exe??
YIREIKEIreIKE.exeMicrosoft L2TP/IPSec VPN Client for Win98/Me/NT. Secure technology for making remote access virtual private network (VPN) connections across public networks such as the Internet
?iRis Active Monitor winmon32.exe??
U IrMonIRMON.EXESystem Tray access to infra-red devices. Not required unless you use infra-red devices
?IRPMonitor itcnmon.exe??
N isdbdcisdbdc.exeFor Compaq PC's. May install properties in dial-up networking when you register with an ISP
?ISDN Monitor Linksts.exeAsuscom ISDN modem driver. Is it required or does it just monitor the line status?
UISDNwatchIWatch.exeFRITZ!X ISDNWatch - "dialing filter for more security and control on the ISDN PC. The PC is doubly protected against dialer programs and premium-service numbers: ISDNWatch allows the user to block calls to and from both individual numbers and whole number blocks"
?ISLP2STA ISLP2STA.EXEPossibly a left over from Windows Update for wireless NIC (maybe Linksys) drivers?
UiSpyNOWispynow.exeiSpyNOW - remote monitoring and surveillance software
XIST Serviceistsvc.exeISTBar foistware
UItkItk.exeIn The Know - surveillance software that creates records of everything people do on a computer, ie, spying or monitoring depending upon how you call it
UiTouchiTouch.exeiTouch loads the iTouch configuration program for Logitech keyboards. It’s needed if your keyboard has shortcut buttons and if you use them. It’s also needed if your keyboard does not have the num lock, caps lock, and scroll lock lights on it and you use the on-screen displays for num lock, caps lock, and scroll lock
NItsDeductiblePopUp ItsDeductible.exeItsDeductible from Income Dynamics. Calculates your noncash donations quickly and easily. This startup entry checks a registry entry for the next 'PopUp' date and if it is a past or current date displays a program related tip
NIusagenetdet.exeInternet Usage Monitor - utility to calculate the cost and time on the internet via dial-up
NIW Control Center iwctrl.exeVOB InstantWrite enables you to use your CD-R, CD-RW and DVD-RAM drive just like a hard disk or floppy disk. You can drag and drop files, create new directories right on your CD-R, CD-RW or DVD-RAM. Supplied with some Toshiba CD-writers. Maybe required if you use this feature on a regular basis
XI-Worm.GiGuuGiG.eXeAdded as a result of the GINK VIRUS!
?IZEN/A??

Top of Page

J

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
Nj2 Tray Menu HotTray.exeeFax Messenger Tray Menu system tray icon for eFax Messenger Plus. Available via Start -> Programs. Disabling instructions available here
UJammerjammer.exeJammer by Agnitum - "Jammer is the last word in Internet security. It combines a user-friendly interface with very sophisticated and powerful security measures that protect your Windows system while you are surfing the web"
XJava Runtimes iexplore.exeAdded as a result of the KILLAV.B VIRUS! Note - this is not the valid IE (iexplore.exe) file as it's located in C:\Winnt\Java\Java\ rather than C:\Program Files\Internet Explorer
NJBJiffybar.exe"Get Paid As You surf" application
YJetAdmin Discovery Indicator HPJETDSC.EXEHP JetAdmin software for HP JetDirect Print Servers. HPJETDSC.EXE is the file necessary for the JetAdmin Discovery Indicator (paper airplane in the taskbar). It gets launched automatically through the registry, and remains active to control the Discovery Indicator
NJet Detection ADGJDet.exeAdded with SoundBlaster Live! or Audigy soundcards for headphone autodetection
UJobHisInitJobHisInit.exeUsed by Ricoh network printers to enable network printing from the client
UJogServ2
or
Jog Serve
JogServ2.exe"Jog Dial" on a Sony Vaio laptop.  The dial can select various functions such as control audio. Needed if you use its features
?jotlmillenzje.exe??
UJv16pt Network Resident jv16pt_network.exejv16 PowerTools' network resident program. Only needed if you are using the program's network features
Ujv16 PT TempFileTool TempTool.exejv16 PowerTools' temporary file remover

Top of Page

K

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
NK6CPU.EXEK6CPU.EXEAuthenticates CPU as K6 in system properties
Xkakkak.htaAdded as a result of the KAKWORM VIRUS!
UKalibumpKalibump.exeUsed with the now unsupported Kali software for on-line gaming. This is used to automatically bump up the priority of WinProxy to GREATLY improve game speed when using a SOCKS proxy
NKana Reminder Reminder.exeKana Reminder is a program which can be used to set a reminder to be triggered at a specified time
UKavRunsWindll.exeAdded as a result of the TRYNOMA VIRUS!
NKAZAAkazaa.exeKAZAA is a file-sharing program which unfortunately being ad-based includes "Cy-door" adware. Check here for information about "Cy-door" and here for a program that can remove it
XKAZAACuf9Added as a result of the KITRO.D (or ARGEN.A) VIRUS!
Nkazaalitekazaalite.exeKazaalite is a file sharing client - not to be confused with the original Kazaa program. Unlike the original, this one does not contain any advertising or tracking mechanisms
XKazaa lptt01kazaa.exeNew variant of the RapidBlaster parasite (in a "kazaa" folder in Program Files). It is not recommended you manually uninstall RapidBlaster but use RapidBlaster Killer - see here. Note! - this is not the valid KaZaA file sharing program which has the same executable name
UKBDKBD.EXEMultimedia keyboard manager. Required if you use the multimedia keys
UKBD MediaCenter MEDIACTR.EXEMultimedia keyboard manager. Required if you use the multimedia keys
NkdxKHost.exeKonTiki Secure Delivery Plug In related. "The Kontiki Delivery Management System (DMS) is a secure delivery network for distribution of video, software, audio, documents, and other digital media. The Kontiki DMS enables enterprises to efficiently publish, secure, deliver and track digital media to employees, partners, and customers"
XKeenvalueKeenvalue.exeKeenvalue spyware - see here
UKE9801DriBat32.exeKE-9801 multimedia keyboard - required if you use the multimedia keys
UKEMailKbKEMailKb.EXEControls the buttons at the top of the Micro Innovations 650i Internet Access Keyboard. If you disable it you cannot use the buttons - like volume control or shut down
?Kemetkemet.exe??
XKernelbboy.exeAdded as a result of the MUMU.B VIRUS!
Xkernel32 (1) kern32.exeAdded as a result of the BADTRANS.A VIRUS!
XKernel32 (2) Kernel32.exeAdded as a result of a number of VIRUSES - such as BABYLONIA, KERNEL and HOOKER
Xkernel32 (3) kernel.dliAdded as a result of the NETDEVIL.B VIRUS!
XKernel32 (4) Kernel.dllAdded as a result of the REDLOF.M VIRUS!
Xkernel32 (5) kernel32.dlIAdded as a result of the NETDEVIL.15 VIRUS!
Nkernelfaultcheck dumprep 0 -k
dumprep 0 -u
Used in connection with memory dumps - you can disable these by - right clicking on My Computer, selecting Properties and then the Advanced tab. Click on the Settings button in 'Startup and Recovery'. In the bottom pane - under 'Write debugging information' - click on the down arrow and then select 'None' - OK your way out
XKernell32Kernell.dllAdded as a result of the DESTINY VIRUS!
XKernel Loader ntkrnl.exeAdded as a result of the CERVIVEC.A VIRUS!
XKernelwKernelw32.exeAdded as a result of the INDOR.E VIRUS!
UKeyboard Manager MMKeybd.exeMultimedia keyboard manager. Required if you use the additional keys. Can also be listed as MULTIMEDIA KEYBOARD
YKeyboard Preload Check Preload.exeMillenium Multi-Function Keyboard driver
UKeyMaestrokmaestro.exeMultimedia keyboard manager. Required if you use the multimedia keys
Ukeymapkeymap.exeSystem Tray utility and background task used by games produced by Kesmai (published by Interactive Magic) and which enables you to program keys to do specific actions during the game
Xkeymgrldrrundll32 setupapi,
InstallHinfSection... keymgr3.inf
CoolWebSearch hijacker variant
UKeyPatrolKeyPatrol.exeKeyPatrol - detects Key Loggers ("keyboard loggers" or "keyloggers") using both behavioral and pattern-matching algorithms
NKey TextKeyText.exeKey Text 2000 from MJMSoft Design - utility to automate repetitive keyboard tasks. Available via Start -> Programs
UKeyWalletKWallet.exe"KeyWallet is a useful and convenient desktop utility that spares you the trouble of filling in your logins, passwords and other personal data manually"
Nkhookerkhooker.exeSiS Keyboard Daemon. System Tray utility which gets installed by the drivers of the latter day SiS VGA cards. Can cause errors at startup and isn't required
UKICKMON.EXEKICKMON.EXEKeepItClean - utility that deletes safe to remove files, cookies, browsing history, etc. This is the scheduler - if you don't schedule clean-ups it isn't required
NKinberlinkKinberlink.exeKinberlink network messaging. Available via Start -> Programs
UKK Loaderloadkk.exeKeyKey XP Professional from KeyKey.com. "Monitor Instant Messages, Chats, Emails, Web Site URLs, Passwords, Computer Programs, Start Up and Shut Down time and much more completely undetected to the user."
Uklprun32dll.exePAL PC Spy - key recorder and screen capture utility which controls and monitors everything that happens on your pc and online
UKM9801UMMHotKey.exeMultimedia key handling for the relevant type of Turbo-Media keyboard. Shortcut available. Note that with this running it can crash DirectX8/9 under WinXP when a game switches to full-screen
Ukmw_run.exekmw_run.exeKensington MouseWorks - mouse/trackball software. Not required unles you use any special features
Ukmw_show.exekmw_show.exeKensington MouseWorks - mouse/trackball software. Not required unles you use any special features
NKodak Batch Transfer pezdow1.exePart of "Kodak Picture Easy" software for digital cameras. Includes the display of an icon in the System Tray to quickly transfer photos to a PC
NKodak Picture Transfer Software pts.exeLooks for Kodak camera connection and media insertion. Available via Start -> Programs
YKodakCCSKodakCCS.exeKodak DC File System Driver
NKodak Software Updater backweb*****.exeSoftware updater for Kodak Easyshare digital cameras
NKonni Symbol Autostart KonniSymbol.exeGives configuration access to RagTime Solo professional business publishing software. RagTime Solo is the private user version of RagTime 5
Nkontikikontiki.exeKontiki Delivery Manager - Windows-based client software that enables secure delivery of content to users' desktops
UKrnlmodKrnlmod.exeKeylogger - see here. Given a "U" recommendation because it depends if you intentionally installed it. If you didn't, treat it as "X" and uninstall or remove via Spybot S&D (for example)

Top of Page

L

 Name/Startup Item CommandComments
ULanSpeed2LanSpeed2.exeMonitors any traffic that is using a LAN adapter (Ethernet or Token ring network card)
ULapLink scheduler Llsched.exeUtility that automatically performs file transfers as unattended background operations
YLASTinstN/AFor Gilat Communications internet satellite systems. Gilat rescue (Satellite system restore). Required if you have this system. Can cause a BSOD (blue screen of death) if left out
?Laterlater.exe??
?Launcglauncg.exe??
ULaunchApLaunchAp.exePart of Acer Launch Manager - programmable keys on such laptops as the TravelMate 610
ULaunchboardlnchbrd.exe"LaunchBoard software from Darwin turns your keyboard into a remote control for the Internet and your computer! With LaunchBoard 2.0, you can customize up to 38 keys on your PC keyboard to instantly launch Web Sites, start applications, perform custom macros, handle Windows shortcuts, store passwords, and perform loads of other customizable functions"
XLauncher (1) launcher.exeSpyware component related to DownloadWare and found in Program Files\KFH
NLauncher (2) relaunch.exeAudio Applications Launcher for the Philips Rythmiic Edge soundcard (the Philips Rhythmic Edge is the same as the Thunderbird PCI soundcard - see TBtray). Available via Start -> Programs
NLaunch YahooPOPs! at Windows startup YAHOOPOPS.EXEYahooPOPs - enables free POP3/SMTP access to Yahoo! Mail through a service on localhost that emulates the web interface. Available via Start -> 
Programs
ULavasoft Adwatch Ad-watch.exePart of Lavasoft Ad-aware Plus - realtime spyware-monitor watching your memory and registry for spyware that tries to install or change your system
Ylaxmsp32.exelaxmsp32.exeLexmark Scan and Copy Control Program for the X63 (and maybe others) printer/scanner. Required for the scanner to work 
ULCDCLCDC.exeLCDC is an application that displays various information on your LCD or VFD screen. The number of things that LCDC can do is expandable by Plugins
NLDMbackweb-8876480.exe
ldmconf.exe
Installed with the software for Logitech products. Automatically checks for software upgrades AND new products, services and special offerings from Logitech. Also listed under Logitech Desktop Messenger
ULED TRAYLEDTRAY.EXEInstalls a USB compact flash card reader or drive on start-up. The device is distributed by Microtech and is made by a company called SnapShot. Required if you want the reader to work
NLeechGetLeechGet.exeLeechGet download manager
XLetsSearchLetsSearch.exeBrowserAid/BrowserPal foistware variant
NLexmarkPrinTray printray.exeLexmark Printer icon in the System Tray for quick access. Not required - uncheck via Printer configuration rather than MSCONFIG. Can also be listed as PrinTray
YLexmark Xxx Button Manager AcBtnMgr_Xxx.exeAssociated with the Lexmark Xxx (where "xx" is the model) all-in-one printer/scanner/copier. Required for correct operation
YLexmark Xxx Button Monitor ACMonitor_Xxx.exeAssociated with the Lexmark Xxx (where "xx" is the model) all-in-one printer/scanner/copier. Required for correct operation
ULexmark X5100 Series lxbabmgr.exeSystem Tray application that enables scan or fax functions to run directly from the printer via the buttons. Can be launched from a 
desktop shortcut
ULexmark X74-X75 lxbabmgr.exeSystem Tray application that enables scan or fax functions to run directly from the printer via the buttons. Can be launched from a 
desktop shortcut
N??lexpps.exeFor Lexmark printers. From Lexmark: "This enables bi-directional printing over a peer to peer network. If the printer is connected directly to your PC, the file is not used, (or should not be used) at all". It is known that firewalls can however alert you to "lexpps.exe" requesting server privileges
ULexStartlexstart.exeLexmark printer software may add Lexstart.exe in the startup folder to handle print commands that you send to the printer. Sometimes required for the printer to work correctly - not in the case of a Lexmark Z42 for instance
ULfsndmnglfsndmng.exeLightningFAX Enterprise Fax Server - "puts faxing at the fingertips of networked enterprise users. It enables rapid, secure sending and Direct-To-Desktop Delivery of mission-critical documents"
NLicCrtlrunservice.exeeLicense, licensing system incorporated with some software and games
NLifeScape Media Detector PicasaMediaDetector.exeMedia detector for Picasa's automatic photo organizer
Xli-multi****li-multi****.exeAdult web-dialler - **** is random
NLine Speed Meter V3.0 LineSpeedMeter.exeLineSpeedMeter - detect the download and upload speed of your internet connection
Xli-speed****dlres.exeAdult web-dialler - **** is random
Xli-thund****li-thund****.exeAdult web-dialler - **** is random
Xli-vita****li-vita****.exeAdult web-dialler - **** is random
NLIULIU.exe
Rubicon.exe
Logitech Internet Update. Used to update drivers/software for Logitech's Wingman, QuickCam, etc devices. Reports claim it doesn't work very well and you can manually update the files anyway
NLiveMonitorLMonitor.exeMSI Live Update2 - auto-detects and suggests the latest BIOS/Driver/Utilities information
NLive MenuDllcmd32.exeeFax Send button for eFax Messenger Plus. Available via Start -> Programs Disabling instructions available here
NLiveNoteLivenote.exeAsus graphics card driver live update feature
?LLMODCL2 rundll.exe setupx.dll, InstallHinfSection
..\LLMODCL2.INF
??
ULManagerQtZgAcer.EXEAcer Launch Manager - on Acer laptops it allows users to configure shortcut keys and to set the operating state of the WLAN module and the (optional) Bluetooth radio
?lmpdpsrv lmpdpsrv.exeRelated to a Lexmark printer/scanner. Printer sharing server? Is it required?
NLMSTATUSLMSTATUS.EXELexmark Status Monitor. Checks the current status of Lexmark printers (and other devices?)
Nload= (1) adw30.exeAfter Dark for Windows - screen saver program. Popular before screen savers were integrated into Win95
Uload= (2) asistat.exeStatus monitor for an NEC SuperScript printer
?load= (3) cfgsys32.exe??
U load= (4)esspk.exeSpeakerphone capability through a soundcard for an ESS modem
Yload= (5) hotkey.exeSolo 5300 display driver for Win2K on some Gateway laptops
Nload= (6) HPWHRC.EXELoads the Status Window software for the HP Laserjet printers
?load= (7) WPSLOAD.EXERelated to a Canon BJ C series printer?
Nload= (8) vi_grm.exeMonitor drivers for Trio2x/3x based video cards - displays control panel for quick access to display settings
?load= (9) WINOSCFG.EXECould it be something to do with configuring Windows on a new PC from an OEM supplier?
Yload= (10) wpshrc.exeRequired to prevent configuration errors on a Compaq LBP-660 parallel port laser printer (and maybe others)
Yload= (11) Bfrecv.exeBitware modem driver
X LOAD32 (1)Lorena.exeAdded as a result of the MAPSON.C VIRUS!
Xload32 (2) load32.exeAdded as a result of the NIBU, BAMBO and DUMARU VIRUSES!
YLoadBlackDblackd.exeThis is the "intrusion detection system" of the BlackICE PC Protection (was Defender) firewall which loads independently of the "user interface" (BlackICE Utility)
?LoadBtnHnd BtnHnd.exeFujitsu LifeBook related
XLoadDBackUpBcTool.exeAdded as a result of the GIBE VIRUS!
?LoadDvpApi9x DVPAPI9X.exePart of Command AntiVirus for Windows 95/98/Me. Is it needed?
Xloaderloader.exeHomepage hijacker, redirecting to coolwwwsearch.com. Downloader for iedll.exe
XLoadFontsLoadFonts.vbs
Tahoma.vbs
Homepage hijacker that changes your homepage to an adult content site
XLoadingAgentZipLoader32.exe
msload32.exe
Added as a result of the OBLIVION VIRUS! The two executables shown are the most common but there are more
NLoadMSvcmmmsvcmm32.exeAuto-update for Movielink - internet movie rental System Tray access
XLoadOrderVerification *.exeAdded as a result of the TRON VIRUS! * is a random file name, possibly Pthymvfr.exe
ULoadout Manager nost_LM.exeManager for the Belkin Nostromo n50 SpeedPad game controller - see here
XLoadPowerProfile (1) ASDAPI.EXEAdded as a result of the CABRO VIRUS! Not to be confused with the valid entry below
ULoadPowerProfile (2) Rundll32.exe powrprof.dllPower management specifics such as monitor shut-off, system standby, etc. Associated with power management and is listed twice - see here. Loads your selected power scheme. May not be required - depends upon whether you modify the default Control Panel -> Power Options settings
XLoadPowerProfile (3) Rundll.exe powerprof.dllAdded as a result of the LOXOSCAM VIRUS! Note - do not confuse with the valid LoadPowerProfile (2) entry above! Notice that the infected version uses "Rundll.exe" whereas the uninfected version uses "Rundll32.exe"
ULoadQMloadqm.exeLoads the MSN Queue Manager. Note that disabling this can sometimes prevent internet sharing working on Win2K Pro SP2. Reports also suggest that removing it will re-enable internet access - hence the "users choice" recommendation. If you have problems leave it, otherwise I recommend you disable it
ULOAD WBLOADWB.EXEPart of Stardock's WindowBlinds custom desktop program. "WindowBlinds is the first utility of its kind. It extends Win98/NT/2K/XP to have a fully skinnable user interface. You can change the style of title bars, buttons, toolbars and much more". If you use it - keep it if not then uninstall it
XLoadWindowsFile <filename>Added as a result of the DELF.B VIRUS! where <filename> is the infected file
ULogi_MwxLogi_MwX.exeLogitech Mouseware driver. Needed to support some additional functionality of Logitech mice/trackballs such as "SmartMove". If you disable it and find you don't need it leave it disabled
XLoginPassportLgnpsp32.exeAdded as a result of the REDIST.C VIRUS!
XLogin Service <random filename>Added as a result of the MIGMAF VIRUS!
NLogitech Desktop Messenger backweb-8876480.exe
ldmconf.exe
Installed with the software for Logitech products. Automatically checks for software upgrades AND new products, services and special offerings from Logitech
YLogitechGalleryRepair ISStart.exeAssociated with Logitech cameras. If unchecked it causes DLL errors and isn't stable
NLogitechImageStudioTray LogiTray.exeAssociated with Logitech cameras
U Logitech UtilityLogi_MwX.exeLogitech Mouseware driver. Needed to support some additional functionality of Logitech mice/trackballs such as "SmartMove". If you disable it and find you don't need it leave it disabled
NLogitech Wakeup lgwakeup.exeLoads at startup and monitors the scanner. When a document is inserted in the scanner the wakeup program feeds the document a fraction of a inch into the scanner and then it launches the control center software. From the control center you can select whether to fax or copy or print the scanned documents. If you uncheck the Logitech wakeup software from the startup it no longer launches the control center or feeds the document a fraction of an inch. You can manually launch the control center software via Start ->Programs and still be able to scan images
XLogon.exelogon.exeHomepage hijacker
ULogonStudiologonstudio.exeWinCustomize LogonStudio - "Allows Windows XP users to edit, change, and apply new logon screens. LogonStudio comes built with a visual editor to make it easy to create your own logons which can then be uploaded to websites to be used by others users"
ULogWatchlogwat95.exeLicensing patch for products installed on NT by Computer Associates such as eTrust. Detects and updates old versions of lic98.dll - see here. Not required if you already have a newer version or the patch has been applied
YLook 'n' Stop looknstop.exeLook 'n' Stop personal firewall
XLookup_Syslookupsys.exeP04n trojan
NLotus Organizer EasyClip easyclip.exe"The Easy Clip icon automates the collection of information from sources such as e-mail to create an Organizer address, appointment, task or Notepad page." Available via Start -> Programs
NLotus QuickStart